Church History

Council

Council of Nicea

Approx. 325 AD - Approx. 326 AD

First Ecumenical Council held in Nicea. Attended by 318 Bishops and Emperor Constantine. The discussed the Nicene Creed and rejected the teachings of Arius.

Council of Costantinople

Approx. 381 AD - Approx. 382 AD

The second Ecumenical held in Constantinople. The council rejected the teachings of the Macedonians, who denied the divinity of the Holy Spirit.

Council Ephesus

Approx. 431 AD - Approx. 432 AD

The third Ecumenical Council held in Ephesus, Turkey. The council declared Mary as the Mother of God.

Council of Chalcedon

Approx. 451 - Approx. 452

The fourth Ecumenical held in Chalcedon, Turkey. The council condemned the teachings of Monophysitism, which said that Jesus wasn't one person: Human and Divine.

Council of Trent

Approx. 1545 - Approx. 1563

The fifth council held in Trent. The actual work only lasted three years as the members of the council worked on defining the key doctrines of the church.

First Vatican Council

Approx. 1869 - Approx. 1870

The First Vatican Council lasted eleven years. The council confirmed papal authority and infallibility.

Second Vatican Council

1962 - 1965

Pope John XXIII opened the Second Vatical Council in 1962. The church needed a major "update".

Church History

Pentecost

33 AD

The Holy Spirit descends unto the Apostles and they are filled with the strength to go out and spread the word. They are able to speak in many tongues and about 3,000 people are baptized.

Jesus' Ascension

33 ad

Jesus rose from the dead after three days. He rose to help save us from sin and to help teach the Apostles how to start the Church.

Jesus' Death

33 ad

Jesus is crucified on the cross by Pontius Pilate. He carries his cross to Golgotha. He is crucified alongside two other criminals. One mocks him and the others asks to be with him in heaven.

Edict of Milan

313 AD

Emperor Constantine frees the Church. He had a vision of Christ and God helped him win the battle of Constantine. Later Rome would declare religious Tolerance.

The Great Scism

1054

The Great Schism and the Schism of 1054, was the break of communion between what are now the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches.

Prostestant Reformation

1517 - 1648

Protestant Reformation and the European Reformation, was a schism from the Roman Catholic Church initiated by Martin Luther and continued by John Calvin, Huldrych Zwingli, and other early Protestant Reformers in 16th Century.

Papacy of Pope John Paul II

1978 - April 2, 2005

Pope Saint John Paul II, born Karol Józef Wojtyła, was Pope from 1978 to 2005. He is called by some Catholics Saint John Paul the Great.

Papacy of Pope Francis

March 13, 2013 - Present

Pope Francis is the 266th and current Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, a title he holds ex officio as Bishop of Rome, and sovereign of Vatican City.

Saints

Birth of St. Augustine

354

St. Augustine was born in the year 354 AD in the city of Thagaste. Augustine would go on to be an early Christian theologian and philosopher whose writings influenced the development of Western Christianity and Western philosophy.

Death of St. Augustine

430

St. Agustine died in the year 430 AD in the city of Hippo. Augustine's feast day is on the 28th of August.

Birth of St. Brigid

450 AD

St. Brigid was born in Ireland in the year 450 AD. She would become a saint who was very devoted to helping the poor.

Death of St. Brigid

525 AD

St. Brigid died in the year 525 AD. Her feast day is on February 1st.

Birth of Thomas Aquinas

August 15, 1195

St. Thomas Aquinas was born in Italy in the year 1195. He was an Italian Dominican friar, a Catholic priest, and a Doctor of the Church. His writing, the "Summa Theologica" has had an incredible effect on the Church.

Death of Thomas Aquinas

1225 AD

St. Thomas Aquinas died in the year 1225 AD. His feast day is on January 28th.

Birth of St. Anthony of Padua

June 13, 1231

St. Anthony was born in the year 1231. He would go on the be a devoted evangelist for the Church and a Doctor of the Chruch.

Canonization of St. Anthony of Padua

May 30, 1232

St. Anthony was canonized in Spoleto, Italy by Pope Gregory IX

Death of Thomas Aquinas

1274 AD

St. Anthony died in the year 1274 in Italy. His feast day is on June 13th.

Birth of St. John of the Cross

1542

St. John of the cross was born in Italy in the year 1542. He was a major figure of the Counter-Reformation.

Death of St. John of the Cross

1591

St. John of the cross died in the year 1591 in Italy. His feast day is December 14th.

Birth of St. Kateri Tekawitha

1656 AD

St. Kateri was born in modern-day New York in the year 1656. Saint Kateri Tekakwitha, given the name Tekakwitha, baptized as Catherine and informally known as Lily of the Mohawks, was an Algonquin–Mohawk laywoman.

Death of St. Kateri Tekawitha

April 17, 1680

St. Kateri died in 1680 in Canada. Her feast day is April 17th.

Birth of Elizabeth Ann Seton

August 28, 1774

Elizabeth Ann Seton was born in the year 1774 in New York. She was the first native-born citizen of the United States to be canonized by the Roman Catholic Church. Elizabeth is the patron saint of Colic schools.

Death of Elizabeth Ann Seton

January 4, 1821

St. Elizabeth Ann Seton died in the year 1821. Her feast day is January 4th.