First Ecumenical Council held in Nicea. Attended by 318 Bishops and Emperor Constantine. The discussed the Nicene Creed and rejected the teachings of Arius.
Council of Costantinople
Approx. 381 AD - Approx. 382 AD
The second Ecumenical held in Constantinople. The council rejected the teachings of the Macedonians, who denied the divinity of the Holy Spirit.
Approx. 431 AD - Approx. 432 AD
The third Ecumenical Council held in Ephesus, Turkey. The council declared Mary as the Mother of God.
Council of Chalcedon
Approx. 451 - Approx. 452
The fourth Ecumenical held in Chalcedon, Turkey. The council condemned the teachings of Monophysitism, which said that Jesus wasn't one person: Human and Divine.
Council of Trent
Approx. 1545 - Approx. 1563
The fifth council held in Trent. The actual work only lasted three years as the members of the council worked on defining the key doctrines of the church.
First Vatican Council
Approx. 1869 - Approx. 1870
The First Vatican Council lasted eleven years. The council confirmed papal authority and infallibility.
Second Vatican Council
1962 - 1965
Pope John XXIII opened the Second Vatical Council in 1962. The church needed a major "update".
Jesus rose from the dead after three days. He rose to help save us from sin and to help teach the Apostles how to start the Church.
Jesus is crucified on the cross by Pontius Pilate. He carries his cross to Golgotha. He is crucified alongside two other criminals. One mocks him and the others asks to be with him in heaven.
The Holy Spirit descends unto the Apostles and they are filled with the strength to go out and spread the word. They are able to speak in many tongues and about 3,000 people are baptized.
Edict of Milan
Emperor Constantine frees the Church. He had a vision of Christ and God helped him win the battle of Constantine. Later Rome would declare religious Tolerance.
The Great Scism
The Great Schism and the Schism of 1054, was the break of communion between what are now the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches.
1517 - 1648
Protestant Reformation and the European Reformation, was a schism from the Roman Catholic Church initiated by Martin Luther and continued by John Calvin, Huldrych Zwingli, and other early Protestant Reformers in 16th Century.
Papacy of Pope John Paul II
1978 - April 2, 2005
Pope Saint John Paul II, born Karol Józef Wojtyła, was Pope from 1978 to 2005. He is called by some Catholics Saint John Paul the Great.
Papacy of Pope Francis
March 13, 2013 - Present
Pope Francis is the 266th and current Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, a title he holds ex officio as Bishop of Rome, and sovereign of Vatican City.
Birth of St. Augustine
St. Augustine was born in the year 354 AD in the city of Thagaste. Augustine would go on to be an early Christian theologian and philosopher whose writings influenced the development of Western Christianity and Western philosophy.
Death of St. Augustine
St. Agustine died in the year 430 AD in the city of Hippo. Augustine's feast day is on the 28th of August.
Birth of St. Brigid
St. Brigid was born in Ireland in the year 450 AD. She would become a saint who was very devoted to helping the poor.
Death of St. Brigid
St. Brigid died in the year 525 AD. Her feast day is on February 1st.
Birth of Thomas Aquinas
August 15, 1195
St. Thomas Aquinas was born in Italy in the year 1195. He was an Italian Dominican friar, a Catholic priest, and a Doctor of the Church. His writing, the "Summa Theologica" has had an incredible effect on the Church.
Death of Thomas Aquinas
St. Thomas Aquinas died in the year 1225 AD. His feast day is on January 28th.
Birth of St. Anthony of Padua
June 13, 1231
St. Anthony was born in the year 1231. He would go on the be a devoted evangelist for the Church and a Doctor of the Chruch.
Canonization of St. Anthony of Padua
May 30, 1232
St. Anthony was canonized in Spoleto, Italy by Pope Gregory IX
Death of Thomas Aquinas
St. Anthony died in the year 1274 in Italy. His feast day is on June 13th.
Birth of St. John of the Cross
St. John of the cross was born in Italy in the year 1542. He was a major figure of the Counter-Reformation.
Death of St. John of the Cross
St. John of the cross died in the year 1591 in Italy. His feast day is December 14th.
Birth of St. Kateri Tekawitha
St. Kateri was born in modern-day New York in the year 1656. Saint Kateri Tekakwitha, given the name Tekakwitha, baptized as Catherine and informally known as Lily of the Mohawks, was an Algonquin–Mohawk laywoman.
Death of St. Kateri Tekawitha
April 17, 1680
St. Kateri died in 1680 in Canada. Her feast day is April 17th.
Birth of Elizabeth Ann Seton
August 28, 1774
Elizabeth Ann Seton was born in the year 1774 in New York. She was the first native-born citizen of the United States to be canonized by the Roman Catholic Church. Elizabeth is the patron saint of Colic schools.
Death of Elizabeth Ann Seton
January 4, 1821
St. Elizabeth Ann Seton died in the year 1821. Her feast day is January 4th.