Church History

Papacies

Papacy of Saint Pope John Paul II

1978 - 2005

Elected as Pope on October 16, 1978. He wrote 14 encyclopedias and canonized 51 Saints during his papacy. He died in Vatican City on Saturday, April 2, 2005. He was beatified in May of 2011 and canonized in April of 2014

Papacy of Pope Francis

2013 - Present

Francis' papacy began on March 15, 2013. The successor to Pope Benedict 16, Francis has based his papacy on mercy. One of his most famous actions is Canonizing Mother Teresa of Calcutta.

Important Historic Events

Pentecost (Birthday of the Church)

33 A.D.

Pentecost occurred 50 days after the resurrection of Jesus. Pentecost is considered the "birthday" of the Church because the apostles came out of hiding to spread the Church.

Jesus' Resurrection & Ascension

33 AD

Completing the Paschal Mystery, Jesus' resurrection signifies the start of the Catholic Church. He would soon visit his apostles and elect Peter as the first Pope. Fifty days after this, Pentecost occurred.

The Edict of Milan

313 C.E.

The Edict of Milan was the declaration of Christianity as the supported religion in Rome. Created by Emporer Constantine in 313 C.E., the Edict of Milan stated that Christianity was the main religion of Rome

The Great Schism

1045

The Great Schism occurred in 1045 when the Church split into two divisions. One division formed the Eastern Orthodox Church. The other was the traditional Roman Catholic Church. This division has continued to this day and the Eastern Orthodox Church still has a big presence in Europe

Protestant Reformation

1517 - 1648

The Protestant Reformation was started by Martin Luther, who was angry at the Church for letting the Inquisition bully people. He wrote the 95 theses against the Catholic Church and posted them on the doors of his local church. This created the Protestant religion which is a faction of Christianity today.

Church Councils

Council of Nicea

325

The Council of Nicea was the first ecumenical council. The council was attended by 318 bishops who resolved the Nicene Creed and denied the teachings of Arius. The council concluded that Jesus is a divine Person of the Trinity.

Council of Constantinople

381

Held in Constantinople, the capital of Rome. The council rejected the teachings of the Macedonians. The council also stated that the Holy Spirit is consubstantial with the Father and the Son.

Council of Ephasus

431

Held in Ephesus, Turkey. This council dealt with the condemning of the Nestorians, who said that there were two separate Persons in the incarnate Christ. The council also declared Mary as the Mother of God

Council of Chalcedon

451

Held in Chalcedon, Turkey. This council condemned Monophysitism which said that Jesus has only one nature which is a combination of His divine nature and His human nature.

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

The Council of Trent is were 30 bishops met to define doctrines of the Church. Among these doctrines was the necessarity of both Scripture and Tradition on the Church.

First Vatican Council

1869 - 1870

The first Vatican Council was called by bishops to solidify the power of the Pope. The doctrine of papal infallibility.

Second Vatican Council

1962 - 1965

Pope John XXIII opened the second Vatican Council on October 11, 1962, to update the liturgy. He wanted to make mass responses to be more modern.

Births, Deaths, Lifes, and Canonization Dates

Life of Saint Brigid of Kildare

450 - 525

Saint Brigid was born in Ireland to a chieftain and a slave. Her father often was angry with her for giving away milk and butter. She once gave away her father's prized sword. She would go on to spread christianity around Ireland. She is the patroness of milkmaids and Ireland

LIfe of Thomas Aquinas

1226 - 1274

Thomas Aquinas was a doctor of the Church who lived in the 13th century. He wrote the Summa Theologica, which continued Catholic beliefs.

Birth Date of St. Joseph of Cupertino

1603

Saint Joseph of Cupertino was born in 1603 as Giuseppe Maria Desa. After enduring a troubled childhood, Joseph's parents sent him to the Franciscan monastery so he could learn how to work. After being kicked out of the monastery, Joseph tried again and became a priest.

Death Date of St. Joseph of Cupertino

1663

Saint Joseph of Cupertino died in 1663 at age 60. He was most known for his ability to levitate but had many other accomplishments. He is the patron saint of test takers, pilots, and travelers to name a few.

Canonization of Saint Joseph of Cupertino

1767

Saint Joseph of Cupertino was beatified in 1753 by pope Benedict XV. He was canonized by pope Clement XIII in 1767. His ability to levitate was too much to keep him away from canonization.

American Saints

Birth of Saint Kateri Tekawitha

1657 - 1680

She was a native American from the 17trh century that left her tribe for her religion. She contracted smallpox and died at age 24. She was most known for her beauty and devotion to Christ.

Birth of Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton

1774 - 1821

She was a wealthy woman who used her money to open Catholic schools across America. With help from Saint John Neuman, she opened over 250 Catholic schools.

Doctors of the Church

Life of Saint Basil The Great

329 - 379

Basil was a bishop in Greece in the fourth century. Basil wrote many letters and documents on important issues like social justice and on the Liturgy.

Life of Saint Agustine

354 - 430

Agustine was the writer of multiple prayers, the most notable being the prayer to the Holy Spirit. Agustine was also the bishop of Hippo, in modern day Algeria.