Church History

Events

Jesus' Resurrection and Ascension

Approx. 33 AD

Jesus' Resurrection and Ascension was around the year of 33 AD. Jesus Resurrection was on Easter Sunday and his Ascension was three days later. Jesus is known as the Son of God and is a very important role on in the Catholic Church.

Pentecost

Approx. 33 AD

Pentecost was around the year 33 AD. Pentecost is when the Catholic Church was born. It is also when the Holy Spirit came down on all the Apostles and gave them the strength and faith to go out and preach the word of God. This date is very important to the Catholic Church.

Edict of Milan

313 AD

The Edict of Milan was a proclamation established religious toleration for Christianity within the Roman Empire. It was also an outcome of a political agreement in Milan between the Roman emperors Constantine and Licinius.

Leo the Great

390 AD - November 10, 461 AD

Leo the Great lived as a deacon in Gual and became Pope between 440 and 461. The doctrine of the Incarnation was formed by him. When the Vandals under Genseric occupied the city of Rome, he persuaded the invaders to desist from pillaging the city and harming the people. St. Leo the Great died in 461, leaving behind many letters and writing of historical value.

Great Schism

1054

The Great Schism was the break of communion between what are now the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches, which has lasted since the 11 th century.

Saint Francis of Assisi

1182 - 1226

Saint Francis grew up in a very wealthy family because of his Father's wealth. He was a very nice, charming, and good leader. Francis soon wanted more than what France was giving and wanted to become a noble. One day when Francis was traveling he had a dream from God that told him to return home. When he was there he went to pray and God told him to repair His Church. Francis soon started rebuilding the Church and making the building look nicer. But he soon found out that God meant for him to repair the people and teachings in the Church. He was later ordained a deacon in his life and died in the year 1226.

Saint Teresa of Avila

March 28, 1515 - October 4, 1582

Saint Teresa of Avila lived an ordinary childhood though she was convinced that she was a horrible sinner. When she was a teenager, all she cared about were worldly and non-Godly things. When she was 16, her mother sent her to a convent. At first she hated it, but soon began to enjoy it. Once she was there for awhile, she grew ill with malaria. She then had a seizure and then was paralyzed for three years. Saint Teresa wrote some books in her life and herself and her relationship with God. She died on October 4, 1582 from being ill.

Protestant Reformation

1517 - 1648

The Protestant Reformation was a an upheaval that splintered Catholic Europe, setting in place the structure and beliefs that would define the continent in the modern era. Authorities questioned the Catholic Church and their ability to define Christian practice.

Saint Martin de Porres

December 9, 1579 - November 3, 1639

Saint Martin de Porres grew in deep poverty with his mother and sister. After just two years of schooling, he was taken to learn cutting hair and to be a surgeon. When Martin was 15, he was chosen to go into the Dominican Convent of the Rosary in Lima. Marin then became a Dominican lay brother when he was 24. Martin did lots of things in his life. For example, he started an orphanage for children. When Martin was 60 years old he became very ill. He died on November 3, 1639.

St. Therese of Lisieux's Birthday

January 2, 1873

Saint Therese of Lisieux was born into a family of middle class and grew up with everything she wanted. She was the last child of her siblings, therefore was spoiled. Her mother died when she was only four years old, leaving her sisters to take care of her. On Christmas day when she was 14 years old, Jesus came into her heart and warmed her soul. After that she never asked or anything and was a quiet child that prayed often. She became a cloistered nun when she was very young, and wrote a lot of poems and stories of her life. She died when she was only 24 years old from an illness on January 2, 1873.

St. Therese of Lisieux's Death Date

September 30, 1897

St. Therese of Lisieux died on September 30, 1897 when she was 24 years old. She died from an illness while holding a rose ad a crucifix. St. Therese loved God and wrote a lot about her experiences and prayers with God.

Canonization Date of St. Therese of Lisieux

May 17, 1925

St. Therese of Lisieux was canonized on May 17, 1925. She was canonized by Pope Pius XI.

Papacy of Saint Pope John Paul II the Great

1978 - 2005

Saint Pope John Paul ll was Pope from 1978 to 2005. He did great things for the Church and even became a saint for all the great things he did.

Papacy of Pope Francis

March 13, 2013 - Present

Pope Francis was pope from March 13, 2013, to present day. He has done a lot of things for the Catholic Church and have helped others in a great way.

Saints and Doctors of the Church

Birthday of Saint Brigid of Kildare

450 AD

Saint Brigid was a saint born around 450 AD. She was born into a wealthy family and had a farm with all kinds of animals. She lived in Kildare, Ireland and loved her life. When she got older, Brigid started giving away her and her families things. For example, if someone came by her barn or house that needed help, and she saw them, she would give them anything thy wanted or needed. Brigid was a very giving and loving person to all people and is a great role model.

Death Date of Saint Brigid of Kildare

525 AD

Saint Brigid died in the year of 525 AD. She lived in Kildare, Ireland all of her life and died there. Brigid was a loving person and wanted the best for everyone. Throughout her life, she gave away almost all of her belongings to other people that she thought needed it more than her. She is a proud saint and person.

Birthday of Saint Thomas Aquinas

1226 AD

Saint Thomas was born in the year 1226 AD. He was born in Roccasecca, Italy. He was born into a wealthy family, but as the youngest child he was expected to go into the monastery. He soon joined the Dominican Order in Rome. During Thomas' life he wrote multiple books on theology. In May of 1274, Thomas was called to the Second Council of Lyon.

Death Date of Saint Thomas Aquinas

March 7, 1274 AD

St. Thomas Aquinas died on March 7, 1274. He died at the Cistercian Fossanova Abbey from being ill. Saint Thomas lived a busy and nice life full of God and studied of theology. He is the patron saint of philosophers, theologians, and many more.

Church Councils

Council of Nicaea

325 AD

The Council of Nicaea took place in 325 AD. It was the first ecumenical council. I twas attended by 318 bishops and Emperor Constantine. this council issued the Nicene Creed and said that Jesus is a divine Person of the Trinity.

Council of Constantinople

381 AD

Council of Constantinople was in the year 381 AD. It was the second council and was held in Constantinople. The council rejected the teachings of the Macedonians, who denied the divinity of the Holy Spirit. The council stated that the Holy Spirit is with the Father and the Son.

Council of Ephesus

431 AD

The Council of Ephesus was in 431 AD. It was also the third council and held in Ephesus. They corrected people that were saying other things and clarified that Jesus is one divine Person with two natures: a divine nature and a human nature.

Council of Chalcedon

451 AD

Council of Chalcedon was held in 451 AD. It was the fourth council and was held in Chalcedon. This council condemned Monophysitism, which said that Jesus has only one nature which is a combination of his Divine nature and Human nature.

Council of Trent

1545 AD - 1563 AD

Council of Trent was held at 1545-1563 in northern Italy. It played an important role in determining the outcome of the Counter-Reformation.

First Vatican Council

1869 AD - 1870 AD

The First Vatican Council was held from 1869-1870. It was to refute various contemporary ideas associated with the rise of liberalism and materialism.

Second Vatican Council

1962 AD - 1965 AD

The Second Vatican Council was held from 1962-1965. It was called together as a means of spiritual renewal for the church and as an occasion for Christians separated from Rome to join in search for reunion.