history of catholic church By: Matthew Voegele

Church Events and other dates

Jesus' Ascension

Approx. 33 AD

Jesus ascended into heaven 40 days after his death where he waited to meet the Apostles.

Jesus' Resurrection

Approx. 33 AD

Jesus resurrected three days after his death as was predicted in the Gospels.

Pentecost

Approx. 33 AD

Pentecost commemorates the birth of the Christian Church. Along with the birth of the church, Pentecost is remembered as the day that the Holy Spirit descended upon the Apostles, and they began preaching to the crowds.

Edict of Milan

313 AD

The Edict of Milan was a proclamation that allowed the toleration of Christianity in the Roman Empire. The Edict of Milan was put in place under Constantine.

Great Schism

1054 AD

The eastern Orthodox church believed that the Holy spirit came from God the Father, but the Catholic church believed that the Holy Spirit came from God the Father and God the Son.

Protestant Reformation

1517 AD

Martin Luther was the first successful person to reform the Catholic beliefs into the Protestant Church. Martin Luther was followed by John Calvin and Alfred Zwingli who were other reformer.

St. Pope John Paul II Papacy

October 17, 1978 AD - April 2, 2005

Pope John Paul II was elected Pope in October of 1978. John Paul's papacy continued until his death on April 2, 2005.

Pope Francis's Papacy

March 13, 2013 AD - Present

Pope Francis is the 266th pope of the Catholic Church.

Councils

Council of Nicea

325 AD

The Council of Nicea was the first ecumenical council of the Church. The council was called to declare the true teaching of the Church and oppose heresy.

Council of Constantinople

381 AD

The Council of Constantinople asserted that the Holy Spirit came from God the Father and God the Son.

Council of Ephesus

431 AD

At the Council of Ephesus it was affirmed that Jesus was fully man and fully divine. Nestorius renounced Christ's human and divine nature by saying it was no mystery. A council was needed to confirm the teachings of the Catholic Church on the matter of Jesus' humanity and divinity.

Council of Chalcedon

451 AD

The Council of Chalcedon declared that the two natures of Christ, his humanity and divinity, were united without division.

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563 AD

It was the Council of Trent that Countered the Reformation by stressing the importance of both scripture and tradition along with the seven sacraments. The Counter-Reformation sparked a new flexibility in the faith, but also emphasized transubstantiation.

First Vatican Council

1869 AD - 1870 AD

Vatican I ended the Popes' political power, but declared new doctrinal infallibility in the Popes' ability for spiritual dominion.

Second Vatican Council

1962 AD - 1965 AD

The Second Vatican Council was called by John XXIII to address the contemporary needs of modern Catholics and the world. The language of the mass was changed to the vernacular language. The Church opened itself up to the scientific studies of the Bible.

Saints and Doctors of the Church

St. Peter's Birth

Approx. 13 BC - 64 AD

St. Peter's birthday is not actually known. Although, we know that Peter is older than Andrew, and Andrew was thought to be born around 9 AD. Because of this, it can be concluded that Peter may have been born around 13 AD. St. Peter was Pre- Congregational and had no official Canonization.

St. Leo I

Approx. 390 AD - 461 AD

St. Leo I is a doctor of the church. He was born a wealthy aristocrat and later became Pope.

St. Brigid's Birth and Death

451 AD - 525 AD

St. Brigid died around 525 AD. Brigid's canonization was Pre-Congregational and had no official date.

St. Thomas Aquinas

1226 AD - 1274 AD

St. Thomas Aquinas is a doctor of the Church. He is the patron saint of students and universities.

St. Francis de Sales (doctor of the church)

August 21, 1567 AD - December 28, 1622 AD

St. Francis de Sales communicated catholic doctrine to the people as he traveled. Francis brought many to the Catholic faith by the time of his death.

St. Elizabeth Ann Seton

August 28, 1774 - January 4, 1821

St. Elizabeth Ann Seton is known for starting schools for the less fortunate. She is the patron saint of widows and death of parents.

St. Frances Xavier Cabrini

1850 AD - 1917 AD

St. Frances Xavier Cabrini was a great missionary. She will always be remembered as the first american born saint.