Church History

The Saints and Doctor's of the Church

Lifetime of Saint Basil the Great (Doctor of the Church)

329 - 379

Basil was one of the giants of the early Church. He is a pre congregational Saint and his feast day is January 2.

Lifetime of Saint Brigid of Kildare

Approx. 450 - February 1, 525

Saint Brigid was a pre congregational Saint. She gave almost everything she had to the poor and even once gave away her father's sword. She worked on a farm for her dad and gave many of the food to the poor who would come by.

Lifetime of Saint Hildegard Von Bingen (Doctor of the Church)

1098 - 1179

Saint Hildegard had many visions throughout her life and wrote a book called the Scivias that related twenty-six of her visions. She was the first great German mystics, a poetess, and proohetess.

Lifetime of Saint Thomas Aquinas

1226 - March 7, 1274

Two angels once appeared to Saint Thomas in his sleep after his family tried to keep him from becoming Catholic. Thomas wrote many things about the Church. His most famous writing in the Suma, one of the most important writings of the Catholic Church. Saint Thomas was a pre congregational saint.

Lifetime of Saint Kateri Tekakwitha

1656 - April 17, 1680

Saint Kateri is the first Native American to be recognized as a saint by the Catholic Church. She often would put thorns all over her bed and would commonly fast, and when she did eat she would tint her food to take away the flavor. She devoted all of this suffering to God. She was canonized recently on October 21, 2012.

Lifetime of Saint Rose Philippine Duchesne

1769 - 1852

Saint Rose was sent to the United States in 1818 when she was forty-nine. She was known as "the women who is always praying". She was canonized not that long ago in 1988 by Pope John Paul II.

Lifetime of Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton

August 28, 1774 - January 4, 1821

Saint Elizabeth was the first American-born Saint of the Catholic Church. She also opened the first free Catholic School in American and is known as the foundress for free Catholic schools here in the United States. Elizabeth was also the mother of 5 children and she is also the founder of the Sisters of Charity.

Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton's Beatification

March 17, 1963

Saint Elizabeth was Beatified by Pope John XXIII.

Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton's Canonization

September 14, 1975

Saint Elizabeth was Canonized by Pope John Paul VI. Her feast day is Janurary 4.

Councils

Council of Nicea

325 AD

The Council of Nicea clarified the teachings of the Church. The council stated that Jesus is one being with the father, Jesus is a divine Person of the Trinity. They also created the Nicene Creed at this council.

Council of Constantinople

381 AD

This council stated that the Holy Spirit is consubstantial with the Father and the Son. By doing this, the council rejected the teachings of the Macedonians, who denied the divinity of the Holy Spirit.

Council of Ephesus

431 AD

The council declared Mary as the Mother of God since she was the mother of Jesus - who is part of the trinity. The council also condemned the teachings of the Nestorians, who said that Christ was two separate Persons - divine and human. But we know that Jesus is one divine Person with 2 natures - divine and human.

Council of Chalcedon

451 AD

This council condemned Monophysitism who said that Jesus was only one nature - a combination of His divine and human nature. But Jesus is one person but has two natures - fully human AND fully man.

Council of Trent

1545 AD - 1563 AD

They defined key doctrines of the Church at this council. This Council sparked the Counter-Reformation. Though this council lasted for 19 years, they only worked for 3 of the years.

First Vatican Council

1869 AD - 1870 AD

The first Vatican council strengthened the authority of the Pope. This council spurred a great renewal of the Church and Catholicism became a world force to be reckoned with.

Second Vatican Council

1962 AD - 1965 AD

The purpose of this council was an updating of the Church's response to the needs of the world. The most spectacular change was in the liturgy. Vernacular languages were permitted and new ruled for the mass and other sacraments were commissioned. And the bishops called on the Church to advance the dignity of human beings.

Important Church Dates

Pentecost

Approx. 33 AD

50 days after Easter the Holy Spirit came down on the Apostles while they were eating. He came down in tounges of fire and the Apostles immediately went out and started preaching to the crowds. The Holy Spirit gifted them so that everyone listening heard the Apostles in whatever language they could speak. This way everyone in the crowd could hear the Word of God. This is known as the birth of the Church.

Jesus' Resurrection and Ascension

Approx. 33 AD

Jesus died on Good Friday after being hung on the cross. Then on Easter Sunday Jesus Resurrected from the dead and rose to new life.

Edict of Milan

February 313

This was the day that Constantine, the Roman Emperor, legalized Christianity in the Roman Empire and even made it the preferred Religion. Rome used to be a place that hated Christains and persecuted many, but Christianity was now the preferred religion in Rome.

The Great Schism

Approx. 1054

The Great Schism is also known as the East-West Schism. It was the event that divided Christianity into Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy.

Protestant Reformation

1517 - 1648

The Reformation initially aimed to reform the beliefs and practices of the Roman Catholic Church. The Reformation ended the unity imposed by medieval Christianity and signaled the beginning of the modern era and a weakening of the old order was already underway.

The Popes

Papacy of Pope John Paul II

October 16, 1978 - April 2, 2005

Pope John Paul II became Pope after Pope John Paul I who was only Pope for a little over a month. No other Pope has encountered so many individuals like John Paul II and he even took place in Vatican Council II as Archbishop of Cracow.

Papacy of Pope Francis

March 13, 2013 - Present

Pope Francis became Pope after Pope Benedict XVI. He was born in Argentina. He announced a Year of Mercy in March 2015 and visited the United States in 2016.