Church History

Events

Pentecost

33 AD

The apostles are scared to go out and preach the word of God until given courage by the Holy Spirit in the form of tongues of fire. The twelve apostles, including Judas' replacement, go out and teach people of scripture.

The Resurrection of Jesus

33 AD

Jesus comes back from the dead in front of Mary Magdalene. He stays resurrected for 40 days up until the Ascension.

Jesus' Ascension

33 AD

Jesus goes up to Heaven to watch over us and eventually come again at the Second Coming.

Edict Of Milan

313

When Constantine had a vision and decided that it was legal to believe in Christianity in Italy. The decision was made in Milan, Italy and involved the political people to approve this, though Constantine was in almost complete power.

Great Schism

1378 - 1417

A sudden split occurred in the Catholic church where three men suddenly declared to be the pope. Soon ended by the Council of Constance.

Protestant Reformation

1517 - 1648

This included Martin Luther and other Reformers. They wanted to reform the traditions of the church while other powerful rulers only wanted power.

Papacy of Saint Pope John Paul II the Great

1978 - 2005

John Paul II the Great has his name for a reason. He was born in 1920 and died in 2005. He was also Beatified by Pope Benedict XVI in 2011 and Canonized by and Pope Francis in 2014. He is the patron saint of World Youth Day.

Papacy of Pope Francis

March 13, 2013 - Present

Pope Francis is Pope and has been Pope ever since March 13, 2013. He was born on December 17, 1936 and is currently 80 years old. He was born in Argentina and has Canonized Mother Teresa and Pope John Paul II the Great.

Saints and Doctors of the Church

Saint Athanasious

296 AD - 373 AD

Saint Athanasious is a Doctor of the Church. He is the patron saint of theologians, faithful orthodox and Roman Catholic Christians. He was born in Alexandria, Egypt to a Christian family. He became Bishop Alexander's secretary in 318 after being good friends with the monks and priests of Egypt.

Saint Ephrem of Syria

306 AD - June 9, 373 AD

There is not much known about Saint Ephrem of Syria. He wrote a lot of poems and hymns about the Catholic Church and about himself.

Saint Brigid of Kildare

451 - 525

The life span of Saint Brigid of Kildare. Saint Brigid of Kildare, or sometimes referred to as Saint Brigid of Ireland, is the patron saint of Ireland, dairymaids, cattle, midwives, Irish nuns, and newborn babies.

Saint Benedict of Nursia

March 2, 480 - March 21, 547

Saint Benedict of Nursia is the man that started all of the Benedictine orders. He also inspired recent popes to name themselves after him. There are currently 16 popes that have named themselves after Benedict of Nursia. He is the patron saint of Europe, speleologists, and students.

Saint Benedict of Nursia's Canonization

Approx. 1220

When Saint Benedict of Nursia got canonized. He was canonized by Pope Honorius III.

Saint Thomas Aquinas

1225 - March 7, 1274

Saint Thomas Aquinas wrote many novels and traveled many places. He is the patron saint of students and all universities. He was canonized by Pope John XXII in 1323.

Elizabeth Ann Seton

August 28, 1774 - January 4, 1821

Elizabeth Ann Seton was an American Saint. She is the patron saint of in-law problems, against the death of children, widows, death of parents, and opposition of church authorities. She once sailed for Italy to save her dying husband, but there was nothing she could do and he eventually died of tuberculosis. She then stayed in Italy and got interested in the Catholic faith and became a sister in the Church. She eventually died of tuberculosis, just like her husband.

Katherine Drexel

November 26, 1858 - March 3, 1955

Saint Katherine Drexel was an American Saint, author, and publisher. She is the patron saint of racial justice and philanthropists. She comes from a very religious family of giving to the poor and caring deeply for their faith of God.

Church Councils

Council of Nicea

325

The Council of Nicea was the first ecumenical council of the Christian Church. It was lead by Constantine. The decision that was made was that Jesus was fully man and fully divine. The Nicene Creed was also created at that council.

Council of Constantinople

381

There were many Councils in Constantinople but this one was the first. It perfected the Nicene Creed and made clearer the idea of the Holy Trinity. A decision made in this council was that the Bishop of Constantinople at the time had dominance over all bishops except for the Bishop of Rome.

Council of Ephesus

431

The Council of Ephesus is the third official Council of the Christian Church. It was called by Pope Celestine and dealt with a heresy that was created by the Bishop of Constantinople, Nestorius. The heresy denied the Incarnation which says that God created his only son to save us.

Council of Chalcedon

451

The Council of Chalcedon is the fourth ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church. It approved the Nicene Creed and two letters were sent to Nestorius, the Bishop of Constantinople, clearing the laws of the Catholic Church.

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

The Council of Trent is the nineteenth ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church. It was very important for reforming some traditions of the Church and defines all doctrines created by the Protestants.

First Vatican Council

1869 - 1870

The First Vatican Council is the twentieth ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church. It is mostly known for clearing up the infallibility of the popes. It was called by Pope Pius IX.

Second Vatican Council

1962 - 1965

The Second Vatican Council was the twenty-first ecumenical Roman Catholic Council. It was called by Pope John XXIII and allowed for Christians that were separated from Rome to reunited with the Catholic Church.