Held in Turkey during the 300s, this council issued the Nicene Creed and reaffirmed Jesus is a divine Person of the Trinity.
This council was held in modern day Istanbul and reaffirmed the Holy Spirit's divinity.
Also held in Turkey, this council created the Marian dogma "Mother of God", explained that Jesus is one divine Person with both a human and divine natures, and said we need the grace of God to reach perfection.
At this Turkish council the Church further clarified Jesus has both a human and a divine nature, not one nature which is a mixture of the two.
The council of Trent was held in northern Italy in hopes of reforming the problems with the Church which lead to the Reformation. The council clarifies or reinforced several teachings, including the importance of both Scripture and tradition, good works aided by grace, the sacraments, the hierarchical Church, the priesthood, transubstantiation, the Mass's sacrificial character, and papal supremacy. In addition, seminaries were reformed.
The first Vatican Council reaffirmed papal authority by introducing the doctrine of papal infallibility. The council had the ultimate effect of spiritual renewal on a large scale and made Catholicism a global power.
The second Vatican Council is the most recent council in Church history. It encourage more favorable relationships with other religions and modern movements, emphasized the dignity of the human person, and allowed Mass to be said in vernacular languages instead of Latin.
St. Brigid was Irish saint born in 450 AD. She lived a holy life in which legend says she performed several miracles including stories involving her cloak and her cross. Today, she is remembered as the patroness of Ireland and for founding several monasteries. Since St. Brigid was a precongregational saint, St. Brigid has no canonization date.
St. Hildegard is mystic and Doctor of the Church highly regarded by Pope Benedict the XVI, though she was not without controversy in her day. Her feastday is on September 17.
St. Thomas Aquinas was a prolific write whose writings are valuable, "in any age of the Church". His most important work was Summa Theologica, a "summary" of the faith, which is one of the most important writings on Catholicism of all time. He is remembered today as one of the greatest theologians to have ever lived.
It was during this year that St. Thomas Aquinas became known as a canonized saint.
St. Catherine of Siena was an Italian women and mystic. She was involved in Church politics and an authoress, despite not knowing how to write a majority of her life. She is honored as a Doctor of the Church and one of Italy's patrons.
St. Catherine of Siena was canonized on this day. She was never beautified despite being a canonized saint because beautification was not created until after her canonization.
Born in Europe in 1769, Sister Rose Philippine Duchesne immigrated to the Americas and spent her life working with Native Americans in Missouri and the Louisiana Territory. Known as the, "Woman who always prays", she is remembered an American saint and her feastday is November 18th.
Though he was born in Europe, St. John Neumann eventually became an American saint and the Bishop of Philadelphia. He was involved with the founding of the US Diocesan Catholic School System and his feastday is January 5th.
St. John Neumann became a canonized American saint during the year 1977.
St. Rose Philippine Duchesne became a canonized saint during the year 1988.
Hundreds of years after she died, St. Hildegard of Bingen was canonized in 2012.
Jesus rises from the dead.
Forty days after his resurrection, Jesus ascends into Heaven.
The Holy Spirit is sent to Apostles and gives them the courage to evangelize. Pentecost is celebrated as the Church's birth.
Emperor Constantine writes a declaration after around three hundred years of persecution that Christianity is not only legal, but the preferred religion of the Roman Empire.
The Eastern Orthodox Church splits off from the Catholic Church.
After Martin Luther publishes the "95 Theses" he is excommunicated from the Catholic Church and begins Protestantism. The movement sweeps over Europe, and consequently, the world.
St. Pope John Paul II the Great is the human leader of the Holy Catholic Church during this time.
After Pope Benedict XVI's resignation, Jorge Mario Bergoglio is instituted as the next Pope and takes on the name of Francis for his papacy. Pope Francis is the current pope.