aiming to dismantle the power of the parliaments. These are issued via a lit de justice
by provincial assemblies
The First Estate (voting 134 to 114) and Second Estate (voting 188 to 46) both endorse voting by order. The Third Estate refuses to meet separately or vote on the issue
The Third Estate, now joined by some members of the First and Second Estates, vote 490 to 90 to declare themselves the National Assembly of France.
After being locked out of its meeting hall, the newly formed National Assembly gathers in a nearby tennis court. There they take the famous Tennis Court Oath, pledging to remain until a constitution has been passed.
At the seance royale, the king delivers a conciliatory speech to the Three Estates and calls on them to return to their separate chambers. He also proposes a reform package to share the taxation burden. The king’s demands are ignored by the National Assembly.
More clergymen and nobles, including the Duc d’Orleans, elect to cross the floor and join the National Assembly.
Louis XVI backs down and orders delegates from the First and Second Estates to join the National Assembly. On advice, he also orders the army to mobilise and gather outside Paris and Versailles.
The National Constituent Assembly begins to dismantle seigneurial feudalism, with many noblemen in the assembly voting to surrender their own privileges and feudal dues. These reforms are codified in the August Decrees
August 11th: The reforms of August 4th are ratified by the Assembly, albeit with several less-radical amendments.
The king uses his suspensive veto and refuses to endorse the August Decrees.
The National Constituent Assembly votes to suspend the parlements.
The National Constituent Assembly reforms provincial government, creating 83 new departements.
June 21st: Responding to the flight to Varennes, the National Constituent Assembly suspends the king.
After three days of debate, the National Assembly rules that the king was abducted and restores his status and privileges, provided he endorses the new constitution. This decision causes outrage in the Jacobin and Cordelier clubs.
The Legislative Assembly orders all emigres to return to France “under pain of death”. Those who do not return will have their lands confiscated by the state
The king vetoes the Legislative Assembly’s November 9th decree on emigres.
The Legislative Assembly orders the arrest of all non-juring priests.
The king vetoes the Legislative Assembly’s order for the arrest of non-juring priests.
Mobs protest in Grenoble
in response to Necker's dismissal
Fearing a royalist military invasion, the people of Paris begin to gather arms. Affluent Parisians vote to form a citizens’ militia, the National Guard. The role of the National Guard is to protect the city and prevent property damage and theft.
The National Constituent Assembly votes 673 to 325 to grant the king a suspensive veto.
Hundreds of Parisian citizens, including large numbers of women, march on Versailles, accompanied by the National Guard. During the night a mob invades the royal apartment and threatens the queen.
The king agrees to leave Versailles for Paris, accompanied by the mob and the National Guard. The royal family are received in Paris by a cheering crowd, after which they take up residence at the Tuileries
The king agrees to withdraw his veto and ratify the August Decrees.
The Fete de la Federation, a celebration of the revolution and the first anniversary of the fall of the Bastille, takes place in Paris.
Royalists and emigres gathered at Jales in southern France form the first counter-revolutionary assembly.
February 28th: The ‘Day of Daggers’ or ‘Poignard conspiracy’: a group of 400 armed nobles invade the Tuileries to protect the king. The nobles were disarmed by Lafayette and the National Guard.
April 18th: The royal family attempts to leave Paris for a summer palace at Saint-Cloud, but their journey is prevented by a Paris mob.
May 16th: The National Constituent Assembly passes Robespierre’s self-denying ordinance, preventing its deputies from standing for election to the Legislative Assembly.
The royal family attempts to flee Paris to a loyalist stronghold in Montmedy, before being intercepted and arrested at Varennes.
The Champ de Mars massacre. Jacobins and Cordeliers rally on the Champ de Mars, to construct a petition calling for the abolition of the monarchy. The National Guard opens fire on a rowdy group, killing between 20-50 people.
Proposes immediate reforms including land tax, a stamp duty and commutation of the Corvee
Due to the stalemate of the Assembly of Notables refusing to pass reforms
This is 1.8 million lives which is less than 1/4 of the amount the government asked for,
Food prices continue to soar, especially in the cities. In Paris, most workers are spending 80% of wages on bread alone.
The first release of assignats is circulated. The National Constituent Assembly approves further printings.
Legal and commercial restrictions on Jews are officially lifted.
The National Constituent Assembly nationalises church lands, passing the Decree on Church Lands and declaring that all ecclesiastical lands are “at the disposal of the nation”.
The National Constituent Assembly begins the sale of church lands and approves a first release of 400 million assignats, a paper bond backed by income from these sales. The assignats become a de facto paper currency.
November 27th: A decree of the National Constituent Assembly requires all clergymen to swear an oath to the Civil Constitution of the Clergy.
February 5th: Juring priests are elected as the first bishops in the new ‘Constitutional Church’.
Pope Pius condemns both the Civil Constitution of the Clergy and the Declaration of the Rights of Man. The government later suspends diplomatic relations with the Vatican.
The rulers of Prussia and Austria issues the Declaration of Pillnitz, affirming their support for Louis XVI.