The Mycenaean language and culture was destroyed and it took centuries for the Greeks to reinvent a writing system. It also led to the beginning of the Dark Age.
Roman Iron Age
Approx. 900 BC - Approx. 753 BC
Greek Archaic Period
Approx. 800 BC - Approx. 480 BC
Traditional Date For First Olympic Games
Roman 'Regnal' Period
753 BC - 509 BC
Traditional date of the founding of Rome
Approx. 700 BC
Homer's the Iliad and the Odyssey are of the earliest and most complete archaic poems, marking the reinvention of literacy in ancient Greece.
Lydia conquered by the Persians
Pisistratus becomes tyrant of Athens
The Expulsion of the last king from Rome
The Roman Republic
Approx. 509 BC - Approx. 31 BC
Cleisthenes’ reforms at Athens
Battle of Salamis
The Battle of Salamis was a naval battle fought between the Greeks and the Persian Empire, under King Xerxes. The Persians were defeated by the Greeks in a decisive victory.
Greek Classical Period
Approx. 480 BC - Approx. 323 BC
Battle of Plataea
The Delian League
The Delian League was a military alliance that was established to fight against Persia. It turned into the Athenian Empire essentially, creating hostility between Athens, Sparta, Corinth and Thebes mainly.
The Peloponnesian War
431 BC - 404 BC
fought between Athens and Sparta
The Corinthian War
395 BC - 386 BC
This war was with the Spartans fighting against Athens, Thebes, Corinth and Persia on the other hand. It ends in 386 with the Persian King guaranteeing peace, also known as the ‘King’s Peace.’
Battle of Chaeronea in Greece
Roman Victory in 'Latin War' in Italy
Reign of Alexander III of Macedon
336 BCE - 323 BCE
Battle of Issus
Greek Hellenistic Period
Approx. 323 BC - Approx. 146 BC
Battle of Ipsus
Pyrrhus of Epirus’ campaigns in Italy
280 BC - 275 BC
The Second Punic War
218 BC - 201 BC
King Attalus III of Pergamum bequeaths his kingdom to the Romans
59 BC - 17 AD
He tells the history of Rome up until the 9th Century BC, in 142 books.
Julius Caesar murdered by senators
Caesar was killed due to some senator's fears that he would depose of the senates and rule as a tyrant. Yet his assassination did not result in the restoration of the Roman Republic.
Battle of Actium
The Roman 'Principate'
Approx. 31 BC - Approx. 284 AD
Mark Antony & Cleopatra's suicide
The two of them committed suicide when Octavian (Augustus) invaded Egypt, following their defeat at the battle of Actium.
Death of Augustus
Invasion of Britain launched by Claudius
Claudius managed to expand the empire also generate wealth through his invasion of Britannia, due to Britain's material riches.
The year of the four emperors
Death of Commodus
Diocletian becomes emperor
Roman 'Late Antiquity'
Approx. 284 AD - Approx. 641 AD
Constantine as the sole emperor of Rome
324 AD - 337 AD
He was the first Christian emperor of Rome. He also founded the city of Constantinople which became the Eastern Roman Empire's capital.