Boat history

Events

First boats

10,000 BCE

First boats included rafts, skin, hide and bark boats, kayaks and dugouts.

First sails

5,000 BCE

Mesopotamian sailors invent sails.

Archimedes Principle

300 BCE

Archimedes (287 - 212 BCE) figures out the science of floatation.

Viking age

300

Vikings invent clinker building.

Steerboard is replaced

1200

The central rudder starts to replace the "steerboard".

First wooden submarine

1620

Cornelis Drebble builds the first submarine from wood.

First steamboat

1787

Marquis d'Abbans (1751 - 1832) builds the first steamboat.

Steamboat SS Savannah crosses the Atlantic

1819

Steamboat SS Savannah crosses the Atlantic in a record of 29 days.

Modern Propellers

1836

Modern propellers are invented (independently) by Francis Pettit Smith (1808 - 1874) and John Ericsson (1803 - 1889)

gas turbine engines first time used

1943

Marine gas turbine engines are used for the first time.

Deepest dive

1960

Jacques Piccard and Lt. Don Walsh of the US Navy dive to around 11(km) (6 miles) in the deepest part of the oceans, the Mariana Trench.

Study of ocean wave movement

1962

Scripps Institution's Flip ship is first used to study the movement of ocean waves.