Quebec-Canada Timeline 1945-2000


Duplessis in Office

1944 - 1959

Quebec Controlled by Premier Maurice Duplessis

Quebec Flies New Flag

January 21, 1948

Quebec changes their provincial flag to include the French fleur-de-lis

Quiet Revolution

1960 - 1970

The Quiet Revolution in Quebec takes place. Major changes occur in Quebec unbeknownst to the rest of Canada.

Canada's Maple Leaf Flag is Raised

February 15, 1965

Canada's new flag is flown for the first time.

Canadian Immigration Policy Enacted


Canada's new Immigration Policy is put in place meaning the government will no longer discriminate against immigrants on the grounds of culture, nationality, or ethnicity

National Indian Brotherhood Formed


Parti Quebecois Formed

October, 1968

Rene Levesque forms the Parti Quebecois with the intent to seperate Quebec from Canada

Official Languages Act

September 9, 1969

Canada's official languages act is passed making english and french our two national languages thus, making them equal within the government

FLQ Crisis in Quebec

October, 1970

The FLQ kidnaps James Cross and Pierre Laporte forcing the Canadian government to reinstate the war measures act allowing the police to arrest without reason. Also, the FLQ eventually murdered Pierre Laporte when their demands weren't met

Multiculturalism Policy


Prime Minister Trudeau enacts the multiculturalism policy and pushes forth expression of culture of the many groups making up Canada's population

Bill 101 Passed


The Quebec government passes bill 101 making French the only official language in Quebec.

Sovereignity Referendum


Quebec citizens vote no in the referendum to separate from Canada and become politically independent.

Canada's New Constitution Patriated

April 17, 1982

Without Quebec's agreement, Canada patriates new constitution. This was the last step towards becoming an independent nation.

Meech Lake Accord

1987 - June, 1990

Brian Mulroney calls Premiers to a Conference at Meech Lake where he proposed many amendments to the Constitution including: Recognizing Quebec and the Aboriginal Community as a distinct societies and giving more power to all provinces. Manitoba and Newfoundland withheld there support causing the Accord to disintegrate in 1990.

Immigration Shift


Asian Countries surpass Europe as the largest source of immigrants to Canada.

Bloc Quebecois Party Formed


Lucien Bouchard forms the Bloc Quebecois, a federal party with support for the separation of Quebec and Canada.

Charlottetown Accord

October, 1992

A National Referendum regarding reforming the Senate and establishing First Nations Government. The Referendum was voting no by 50.6%

BC Treaty Commission established


BC Treaty Commission established to resolve outstanding issues regarding Canada's Aboriginal People. Aboriginal land negotiations started to take place around this time

Quebec Referendum


Quebec holds a referendum to separate from Canada. 50.6% vote no and Quebec remains a part of Canada

Territory of Nunavut formed


Nunavut is officially established as a province seperate from the Northwest Territories.

Clarity Bill Enacted


The clarity bill was put in place to establish conditions regarding a province separating from the country

Nisga'a Treaty


Given Royal Assent in 2000, the Nisga'a Treaty involved the settlement of 2000 square km's officially recognized as Nisga'a land. This was the first formal treaty signed by Canada's aboriginals since Treaty 8 in 1899