Black Death

Timeline for HASS [Homework - Due Monday]

Events

Plague Outbreak

1346

An outbreak of plague killed large numbers of Mongol troops that were besieging the port of Kaffa. The leader of the troops, Kipchak Khan catapulted dead bodies over the city walls.

Earthquake, bacillus, Mongol Kanate

1346

An earthquake in central Asia released the plague bacillus. The area was under the control of the Mongol Khanate.

Plague reached Constantinople, Turkey

1347

Plague reached Constantinople, Turkey.

Plague reached the port of Messina, Sicily.

1347

The plague reached the port of Messina, Sicily. It had been carried from the East by trading ships. Boccaccio described the symptoms “The first signs of the plague were lumps in the groin or armpits. After this, livid black spots appeared on the arms and thighs and other parts of the body. Almost all died within three days”. The plague became known as The Black Death.

People board ships to escape

1347

The people of Kaffa boarded ships to escape the plague taking the disease with them.

Plague reached turkey

1347

Plague reached Constantinople, Turkey.

Plague reached Venice and Genoa

1347

The plague reached Venice and Genoa.

Plague reached port of Messina, Sicily

1347

The plague reached the port of Messina, Sicily. It had been carried from the East by trading ships. Boccaccio described the symptoms “The first signs of the plague were lumps in the groin or armpits. After this, livid black spots appeared on the arms and thighs and other parts of the body. Almost all died within three days”. The plague became known as The Black Death.

Daughter of Edward III died

1348

The daughter of Edward III of England died of the plague.

Black Death reached London

1348

The Black Death reached London.

Reached Weymouth in south of England

1348

The plague reached Weymouth in the south of England and Bristol in the West.

People believed Jews poisoned wells

1348

Around forty Jews were massacred in Toulon, France. People believed that the Jews had caused the plague by poisoning the wells.

Reached french port of Marseilles

1348

The plague reached the French port of Marseilles.

Reached Spanish port of Coruna

1348

The plague reached the Spanish port of Coruna, probably carried on a ship from Bordeaux.

Plague reached Normandy.

1348

The plague reached Normandy in northern France.

Plague reached Norway

1348

The plague reached Oslo, Norway.

People tried punishing themselves to get rid of the sins of humanity

1349

A religious group called the Flagellants attempted to rid Europe of the Black Death by touring the continent whipping themselves as atonement for people’s sins. They believed that the disease was a punishment from God for people’s sinfulness.

Plague reached England

1349

The plague reached Wales and the north of England.

The plague reached Denmark

1349

The plague reached Denmark and Sweden

Plague reached Poland

1349

The plague reached Prussia (modern day Poland) probably brought on a ship from Norway.

The plague reached southern Germany.

1349

The plague reached southern Germany.

London deaths

1349

In London, 200 people were dying every day.

Plague spread

1349

The plague spread throughout Norway.

The plague reached northern Germany.

1350

The plague reached northern Germany.

The plague reached Scotland.

1350

The plague reached Scotland.

Black Death reached Russian town

1351

The Black Death reached the Russian town of Pskov.

The plague reached Novgorod, Russia.

1352

The plague reached Novgorod, Russia.

The plague reached Moscow.

1353

The plague reached Moscow.

Most of plague died out.

1354

The plague had largely died out. It would return many times over the next few centuries until health and living standards improved.