Civil War Timelime

Events

Missouri Compromise

March 3, 1820

Missouri will be part of the slave state and Maine will be a free state to keep the balance between North and South in the senate. It divided the Louisiana Purchase into either free or slave regions. Prohibited slavery north of the latitude 36’30’ line to the West coast.

Tariffs of Abomination

1828

A protective tariff passed by the Congress of the United States, made to protect industry in the northern United States.

Abolitionists

1830

People who were Anti-Slavery. They were usually Northerners.

Nat Turner

August 21, 1831

Started a rebellion in 1831. He led a group of slaves in Virginia. He was unsuccessful by trying to kill and over throw plantation owners and their families

States' Rights vs. Federal Government

1846

To the struggle between the federal government and individual states over political power. This struggle focused on the institution of slavery and whether the federal government had the right to regulate or abolish slavery within an individual state.

Compromise of 1850

January 29, 1850

California was turned into a free state. Slavery would be decided by popular sovereignty. Texas gave up land for New Mexico. It outlawed slave trade in the District of Columbia. Then Established Fugitive Slave Act. This made Northern African Americans to fly to Canada. Only 11 were declared free.

Fugitive Slave Act

September 18, 1850

Were a pair of federal laws that allowed for the capture and return of runaway slaves in the territory of the United States.

Uncle Tom's Cabin

March 20, 1852

This was a book published in 1852 by Harriet Beecher Stowe. Stowe met fugitive slaves and learned the cruelties of slavery. This book is about Tom who was taken away from his wife and sold as a slave down the river of Louisiana. Simon Legree became his owner. Then Tom was beaten to death. This book sold 2 million copies and made more than 2 million abolitionists.

Underground Railroad

April 20, 1853

The underground railroad was not underground nor a railroad. They were secret routs for slaves to go to northern states or Canada.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

May 30, 1854

Franklin Pierce tried to end sectionalism. There was a railroad proposal to build trough the west coast.

Bleeding Kansas

1855

Kansas was divided in 1856. Then there was an attack on Lawrence. 800 men rode there to arrest anti-slavery leaders. The Pottawatomie Massacre happened when John Brown and his men killed five pro-slavery men. Then the Republican party is formed. They are against slavery spreading West. The Democratic party supports slavery.

Dred Scott v. Sandford

March 6, 1856

This was a Supreme Court Case about with slavery. A slave owner moved into a free state. Them the original owner died. The wife wanted to get the slave back but he refuse and filed a court house. He lost and was still a slave even though he moved to a free state.

John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry

October 16, 1859

John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry was an effort by armed abolitionist John Brown to initiate an armed slave revolt in 1859 by taking over a United States arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Virginia.