Chronological Modeling

Events

Western Europe

Coronation of Otto I as Holy Roman Emperor

962

Reign of Emperor Henry IV

1056 - 1106

Reign of Pope Gregory VII

1073 - 1085

First Crusade

1096 - 1099

Reign of Emperor Frederick Barbarossa

1152 - 1190

Recapture of Jerusalem by Saladin

1187

Fourth Crusade

1202 - 1204

Life of Prince Henry

1394 - 1460

Columbus' First Voyage to the Western Hemisphere

1492

Reign of King Henry VIII

1509 - 1547

Martin Luther Challenging the Church

1517

Spanish Conquest of Mexico

1519 - 1521

Reign of Emperor Charles V

1519 - 1556

Spanish Conquest of Peru

1532 - 1540

Reign of Philip II

1556 - 1598

Spanish Conquest of the Philippines

1565 - 1575

Thirty Years' War

1618 - 1648

Reign of Louis XIV

1643 - 1715

Peace of Westphalia

1648

Seven Years' War

1756 - 1763

James Cook's voyages in the Pacific Ocean

1768 - 1780

Americas

Collapse of the Toltec Empire

1175

Inca Settlement near Cuzco

1250

Foundation of Tenochtitlan

1345

Emergence of the 5 Iroquois Nations

1400

Reign of Itzcoatl

1428 - 1440

Reign of Pachacuti

1438 - 1471

Reign of Motecuzoma I

1440 - 1469

Reign of Motecuzoma II

1502 - 1520

Arrival of Spanish Conquerors

1519

China

Ming dynasty

1368 - 1644

Reign of Hongwu

1368 - 1398

Reign of Yongle

1403 - 1424

Zhenghe's Expeditions in the India Ocean

1405 - 1433

Reign of Emperor Wanli

1572 - 1620

Reign of Nurhaci

1616 - 1626

Qing Dynasty

1644 - 1911

Reign of Kangxi

1661 - 1722

Reign of Qianlong

1736 - 1795

Sub - Saharan Africa

Songhay Empire

1464 - 1591

Reign of King Afonso I

1506 - 1542

Reign of Queen Nzinga

1623 - 1663