Yuan dynasty collapses, Mongols depart. Re-establishment of Confucian education system, centralized structure that lasts through Qing dynasty. Golden Age of Chinese art, introduction of literacy and further promotes commercial marketing. Silver Market-- triangle trade (from Philippines to China to Japan), reduces price of Chinese goods in Europe, increases interest in Chinese culture and ideas, helps fund the conquest of the new world, and encourages Europeans in conquering and trade. Exploration-- hesitant to have large foreign populations, placed trade under imperial control, thought is was bad for the Chinese to be exposed to new ideas. After Zhong He's death in 1433, The confucian officials persuaded the new emperors to stop new voyages. In 1500's the Chinese government controlled all contact with outsiders, with government policies favoring farming over manufacturing and merchants.