Unit IV Timeline-AP WH

Layer Term Layer1

Ottoman Empire

1259 - 1922

Lasting for more than 600 years, the Ottoman Empire in Asia Minor and was one of the most powerful countries in the world. The Ottoman Empire was at its prime during the 15th and 16th centuries, the country had claimed most of southeastern Europe and up to the gates of Vienna. After its collapse in 1922, the country returned as modern day Turkey.

Songhai Empire

1375 - 1591

The Songhai Empire was an empire that spanned from the Niger River to modern day Mali. Originally under the Mali empire, the Songhai Empire became to be after Sunni Ali, the prince of the Songhai and political prisoner escaped and to over the city of Gao. The Songhai Empire collapsed after being weakened by civil war, finally collapsing after the Moroccan Army invaded.

Martin Luther

1483 - 1546

Martin Luther was a professor of theology and was is most famously known for his 95 thesis, which he nailed to his university's chapel door. This was in response to the church selling indulgences, to get people's loved ones out of purgatory. He was excommunicated by the Catholic Church, but started a protestant revolution, known as Lutheranism. Lutherans today follow his thoughts of what he thought of the church, while still worshiping the Christian holy trinity.

Mughal Dynasty

1525 - 1748

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

Reign of Akbar

1556 - 1605

Galileo Galilei

1564 - 1642

Tokugawa Shogunate

1603 - 1867

Thirty Years' War

1618 - 1648

John Locke

1632 - 1704

Regin of Napoleon

1793 - 1794

Congress of Vienna

1814 - 1815

Crimean War

1853 - 1856

Berlin Confrence

1884 - 1885

The Berlin Conference was the conference that would decide which European Countries got which part of the land. This time period is also known as the Scramble for Africa. Great Britain, Germany and France were looking for goods such as metal ores and a place for commerce. Eventually, other countries joined in for claims and contracts with the natives. In the end, the African continent was mapped and the involved countries negotiated their land and business claims. While the Conference didn't start colonization in Africa, it did lay the formal framework for it. Historically, this is significant because in the end, Britain had large majority of land as territories, thus creating a soon to be unstable colonies that would soon revolt.

Boer War

1899 - 1902

Panama Canal

1904 - 1914

Russo-Japanese War

2-8-1904 - 9-5-1905

Long Term Layer 2

Prince Henry the Navigator

1394 - 1460

Safavids Empire

1502 - 1736

John Calvin

July 10, 1509 - May 27, 1564

Qing Dynasty

1644 - 1911

Seven Years' War

1756 - 1763

Reign of King Louis XVI

1774 - 1792

American Revolution

1775 - 1783

Also known as the U.S. War of Independence War, the American Revolution was a war against the then British Colonies and Great Britain. While most believe the war to have begun on July 4, 1776, the tensions began in 1775 with small fights going on. Eventually, The United State of America. won after the battle Yorktown, but wasn't fully recognized until the Treaty of Paris. The American Revolution is extremely significant to history, not only does it show that having colonies and enforcing laws and taxes that only applied to them is a bad idea and thus resulting in a war. It's like trying to make a dog follow every singe direction you give it, eventually, the dog is going to bite back. The American Revolution would soon lead to a World Power, that would help end World War 1 and World War 2.

French Revolution

1787 - 1799

Haitian Revoulution

1791 - 1804

Wars of independence in Latin America

1808 - 1826

Taiping Rebellion

1850 - 1864

Suez Canal

1859 - 1869

Meiji Restoration

1868 - 1912

Small Event/ Short Term Layer

Beginning of Portuguese Slvae Trade

Approx. 1460

Columbus' First Voyage

Approx. August 3, 1492

Spanish Conquest of Mexico

Feb. 1519 - August 13, 1521

Foundation of Society of Jesus


Spanish Armada

July 29, 1588

James Watt Perfects the Steam Enginge

Approx. 1764

End of the British Slave Trade

March 25, 1807

The British abolished Slave Trade on 1807 and made Slave Trade illegal in all British Colonies.

Opium War

1839 - 1842

Communist Manifesto Published


Sepoy Rebellion

1857 - 1858

Origin of the Species Published


Indian National Congress Founded

December 1885

Boxer Rebellion


All-Indian Muslim League Founded


The All-Indian Muslim League was founded in 1906 to protect the rights of Indian Muslims. Originally, Britain supported the league, until the league wanted to be separated from Britain in 1913. It's significance is the league eventually called for it's own separate nation which is now Pakistan.

Henry Ford & Assembly Line