As the power of the Gokturks fall, Chinese forces and various Muslim powers fight for dominance over the area.
751 - 819
Following the Battle of Talas in 751, Chinese groups left the area. Arab, Persian and eventually Turkish Muslims fight for control.
819 - Approx. 980
The Samanid Caliphate, which is mostly connected to a Persian ethnic group, gains control over the region.
Approx. 980 - 1219
The Karakahanids, who are a Turkish ethnic group. take control over the Fergana Valley after the Samanid Caliphate falls. There are some internal struggles, but this cultural group remains mostly dominate until 1219.
1219 - Approx. 1380
The Mongols invade in 1219, displacing the already weak governmental system. The Fergana Valley eventually becomes a part of the Mongol Empire.
Approx. 1380 - Approx. 1555
The Timurid Dynasty is very connected to the Turko-Muslim empire that developed after the Mongol invasion but is a more specific cultural entity connected to Persian groups.
Approx. 1555 - 1599
The Shaybanid Dynasty is also a Turko-Muslim entity. This dynasty is more connected to Uzbek heritage and culture.
Janid Dynasty of Bukhara
1599 - 1876
The Janid Dynasty followed the Shaybanid Dynasty, but descended from different cultural groups, such as the Astrakhan Khanate, while the Shaybanid Dynasty had bigger connections to Uzbek ethnic groups.
Khanate of Kokand
1709 - 1876
Predominately Uzbeks who were part of the Shaybanid dynasty declared independence from the Khanate of Bukhara and set up a state in the eastern part of Fergana Valley.
1876 - Approx. 1920
Soviet Russia takes over the area and creates a large land state named Russian Turkestan.
Approx. 1920 - 1991
Soviet Russia creates states to split up resources and therefore power in Turkestan.
Tajikistan, Uzbekistan & Kyrgyzstan
1991 - Present
Countries are established (Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan) which split up resources and land in the Fergana Valley.