AP Euro

Events

The Black Death

1328 - 1351

The Black Death was a horrible plague that quickly spread across Europe. The plague was carried by rodents and killed more than 60% of Europe's population.

The Hundred Years' War

1337 - 1453

This was a war between England and France that lasted for 116 years. English kings invaded France and tried to take the throne. The French won and English became an island nation.

Italian Renaissance

1350 - 1527

The Renaissance in Europe was a revival of European interest in the arts. It brought on new ideas such as humanism, individualism, and secuarlism.

Northern Renaissance

1450 - 1648

Exploration

1450 - 1650

Exploration became prominent during this time and led to the discovery of the New World, West Africa, and the Pacific.

Fall of Constantinople

May 29, 1453

The Fall of Constantinople signified the end of the Byzantine Empire.

Invention of the Printing Press

1455

The invention of the printing press allowed for the easy manufacturing of books. These books helped develop movements such as the Protestant Reformation, Scientific Revolution, and the Englightenment.

Spanish Inquisition

1478 - 1834

The Voyages of Columbus

1492 - 1502

The encounter of Columbus and the Americas is significant because European exploration ended with the death of a majority of Native Americans. The end of reconquista in Spain signified the end of Islam in Spain, with Christian Spain in its place.

Martin Luther's 95 Theses

1517

Without Luther's 95 Theses written in German, the Protestant Reformation may not have ever reached the heights it did. Peasants were able to understand the corruption of the Church and it carried on the ideologies of Hus.

Scientific Revolution

1550 - 1700

The Scientific Revolution was the predecessor to modern science. Scientific ideas emerged that are still used today. It caused religious doubt in Europe.

French Wars of Religion

1563

Spanish Armada

1588

Agricultural Revolution

1600 - 1750

Absolutism

1600 - 1750

Absolutism plays an important role in this part of history because previously European states were in civil wars, but absolutism argued that a centralized government could solve this. It also created the concept of divine-right monarchies.

Baroque

1600 - 1750

Baroque art expanded upon classical ideals of Renaissance art with dramatic effects to intensify emotion. It ushered a new age of artistic movements.

The Thirty Years War

1618 - 1648

English Civil War

1642 - 1651

Reign of Louis XIV

1643 - 1750

Louis XIV is one of France's most important rulers, mainly due to his ultimate bankrupting of France's treasury. He ordered for the building of the Palace of Versailles, caused Huguenots and Protestants to defy France by leaving, and played a role in the War of Spanish Succession.

Treaty of Westphalia

Oct 24, 1648

These treaties ended the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648) in the Holy Roman Empire, and the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) between Spain and the Dutch Republic, with Spain formally recognizing the independence of the Dutch Republic.

Enlightenment

1700 - 1800

Rococo

1715 - 1800

Rococo art influeced many types of European art including architecture, theatre, painting, and sculptures. It is a signicant period in the development of European art.

Reign of Louis XV

1718

War of the Austrian Succession

1740 - 1748

The War of Austrian Succession results in Frederick the Great keeping the land of Silesia. Maria Theresa ultimately inherits the throne.

Industrial Revolution

1750 - 1900

The Industrial Revolution was the rise of factories and manufactured products throughout Europe. It allowed more citizens to get jobs.

Rise of Nationalism

1750 - 1914

Due to the various revolutions and political reforms throughout Europe, nationalism became very prominent. Governments gain from nationalism because citizens have the best aims for their country.

Seven Years' War

1756 - 1763

Treaty of Paris

1763

The Treaty of Paris of 1763 ended the French and Indian War and France gave up all its land in North America.

French Revolution

1789 - 1799

The French Revolution influenced the government of many modern states by showing how much power the people have. Its end led to the Napoleonic era.

Fall of the Bastille

July 14, 1789

Feminism

1790 - 1980

Feminism was a movement for the improvement of womens' rights so that both genders have justice. It improved the status of women greatly, and allowed them to join the workforce.

Emperor Napoleon I

1804 - 1815

World War I

1914 - 1918

World War 1 developed new ideas of military technology and weapons.

Totalitarianism

1920 - 1945

The signifiance of totalitarianism is the development of Nazi Germany. This led to WWII and severe destruction.

The Great Depression

1929 - 1939

Spanish Civil War

1936 - 1939

World War II

1939 - 1945

Pearl Harbor

December 7, 1941

Cold War

1945 - 1991

Japan Surrenders

August 14 1945

NATO

April 4, 1949

NATO is a defense treaty signed by many countries in Europe and North America. It has contributed to wars such as the Cold War and the Persian Gulf War.

Cuban Missile Crisis

October 1962

The Cuban Missile Crisis caused terror and almost resulted in a nuclear war. This could have spiraled into a third World War.

Vietnam War

1964 - 1973

Berlin Wall Falls

1989

The fall of the Berlin Wall signified the end of the reign of the Soviet Union. East Berlin united with West Berlin.

Maastricht Treaty

1992

The Maastricht Treaty created the European Union. The European Union connected former Soviet Union countries to the rest of Europe. It helps keep peace in European countries.

Euro as Currency

1999

The Euro helped unite Europe together. People could easily travel country to country without the hassle of different currencies.

9/11

September 11, 2001

9/11 was a terrorist attack on the United States. A commercial plane was hijacked and crashed into one of the Twin Towers in New York City. Both towers collapsed and hundreds of lives were taken.