The Black Death was a horrible plague that quickly spread across Europe. The plague was carried by rodents and killed more than 60% of Europe's population.
This was a war between England and France that lasted for 116 years. English kings invaded France and tried to take the throne. The French won and English became an island nation.
The Renaissance in Europe was a revival of European interest in the arts. It brought on new ideas such as humanism, individualism, and secuarlism.
Exploration became prominent during this time and led to the discovery of the New World, West Africa, and the Pacific.
The Fall of Constantinople signified the end of the Byzantine Empire.
The invention of the printing press allowed for the easy manufacturing of books. These books helped develop movements such as the Protestant Reformation, Scientific Revolution, and the Englightenment.
The encounter of Columbus and the Americas is significant because European exploration ended with the death of a majority of Native Americans. The end of reconquista in Spain signified the end of Islam in Spain, with Christian Spain in its place.
Without Luther's 95 Theses written in German, the Protestant Reformation may not have ever reached the heights it did. Peasants were able to understand the corruption of the Church and it carried on the ideologies of Hus.
The Scientific Revolution was the predecessor to modern science. Scientific ideas emerged that are still used today. It caused religious doubt in Europe.
Absolutism plays an important role in this part of history because previously European states were in civil wars, but absolutism argued that a centralized government could solve this. It also created the concept of divine-right monarchies.
Baroque art expanded upon classical ideals of Renaissance art with dramatic effects to intensify emotion. It ushered a new age of artistic movements.
Louis XIV is one of France's most important rulers, mainly due to his ultimate bankrupting of France's treasury. He ordered for the building of the Palace of Versailles, caused Huguenots and Protestants to defy France by leaving, and played a role in the War of Spanish Succession.
These treaties ended the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648) in the Holy Roman Empire, and the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) between Spain and the Dutch Republic, with Spain formally recognizing the independence of the Dutch Republic.
Rococo art influeced many types of European art including architecture, theatre, painting, and sculptures. It is a signicant period in the development of European art.
The War of Austrian Succession results in Frederick the Great keeping the land of Silesia. Maria Theresa ultimately inherits the throne.
The Industrial Revolution was the rise of factories and manufactured products throughout Europe. It allowed more citizens to get jobs.
Due to the various revolutions and political reforms throughout Europe, nationalism became very prominent. Governments gain from nationalism because citizens have the best aims for their country.
The Treaty of Paris of 1763 ended the French and Indian War and France gave up all its land in North America.
The French Revolution influenced the government of many modern states by showing how much power the people have. Its end led to the Napoleonic era.
Feminism was a movement for the improvement of womens' rights so that both genders have justice. It improved the status of women greatly, and allowed them to join the workforce.
World War 1 developed new ideas of military technology and weapons.
The signifiance of totalitarianism is the development of Nazi Germany. This led to WWII and severe destruction.
NATO is a defense treaty signed by many countries in Europe and North America. It has contributed to wars such as the Cold War and the Persian Gulf War.
The Cuban Missile Crisis caused terror and almost resulted in a nuclear war. This could have spiraled into a third World War.
The fall of the Berlin Wall signified the end of the reign of the Soviet Union. East Berlin united with West Berlin.
The Maastricht Treaty created the European Union. The European Union connected former Soviet Union countries to the rest of Europe. It helps keep peace in European countries.
The Euro helped unite Europe together. People could easily travel country to country without the hassle of different currencies.
9/11 was a terrorist attack on the United States. A commercial plane was hijacked and crashed into one of the Twin Towers in New York City. Both towers collapsed and hundreds of lives were taken.