history

Events

Nuremberg Racial Laws

September 15, 1935

The race laws were compromised of two separate laws: The Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honor and The Reich Citizenship Law.
Five laws were:
took away German citizenship from all full Jews and Geltungsjuden

prohibited Jews from flying the German flag (in December 1936 this was

extended to any Germans married to Jews)

prohibited Jews from employing Germans as domestic servants

prohibited sexual relations between Aryans and Jews

Annexation of the Rhineland, Austria, and Czechoslovakia

March 7, 1936

Hitler violates the Treaty of Versailles by sending German military forces into Rhineland. The Treaty of Versailles was signed in July 1919. The treaty called for stiff war reparation payments and other punishing peace terms for defeated Germany.

Kristallnacht

November 9, 1938 - November 10,1938

On November 9 Nazis torched synagogues, vandalized Jewish homes, schools, businesses, and killed almost 100 Jews. The next day, about 30,000 Jewish men were arrested and sent to Nazi concentration camps. November 10, 1938 is referred to as "the night of broken glass".

The creation of the SS and the Einsatzgruppe

1939

The Einsatzgruppen were special SS mobile formations tasked with carrying out the mass murder of Jews. The total strength of the Einsatzgruppen during the Polish campaign, was approximately 2,700 men. Their prime role was the arrest of the politically unreliable, confiscation of weapons, police intelligence and actions against Jews.

The Invasion of Poland

September 1, 1939 - October 6, 1939

1.5 million German troops invaded Poland on September 1, 1939. They bombed polish airfields, German u-boats attacked Polish naval forces in the Baltic sea. Adolf Hitler claimed this attack was a defensive action. On September 3 they declared war on Germany, which initiated WW2.

The fall of Paris

May 10, 1940 - June 25, 1940

Germans announced on the loudspeakers in Paris that there will be a curfew of 8 p.m. as German troops enter and occupy Paris. By the time German tanks rolled into Paris, 2 million Parisians had already left. Germans made arrests, interrogations, and spying were the order of the day.

The battle of Britain (The Blitz)

July 10, 1940 - October 31, 1940

In the summer and fall of 1940, German and British air forces clashed in the skies over the UK. World War 2 took a turn when the Battle of Britain ended when Germany’s Luftwaffe failed to gain air superiority over the Royal Air Force. Britain’s decisive victory saved the country from a ground invasion and possible occupation by German forces while proving that air power alone could be used to win a major battle.

The creation of the Warsaw ghetto

October 1940 - May 1943

Residents of the Jewish ghetto in Nazi-occupied Warsaw, Poland, staged an armed revolt against deportations to extermination camps. more than 400,000 Jews in Warsaw, the capital, were confined to an area of the city that was little more than 1 square mile. Anyone caught leaving was shot on sight.

The Wannsee Conference

January 20, 1942

The Wannsee Conference was a meeting of senior government officials of Nazi Germany and Schutzstaffel leaders, held in the Berlin suburb of Wannsee. On this day, Nazi officials meet to discuss the details of the “Final Solution” of the “Jewish question.”. Months later, the “gas vans” in Chelmno, Poland, which were killing 1,000 people a day, proved to be the “solution” they were looking for–the most efficient means of killing large groups of people at one time.

Stalingrad

July 17, 1942 - February 2, 1943

The Battle of Stalingrad was a major battle on the Eastern Front of World War II in which Nazi Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad in Southern Russia. Russians consider it to be the greatest battle of their Great Patriotic War, and most historians consider it to be the greatest battle of the entire conflict. The Battle of Stalingrad was one of the bloodiest battles in history, with combined military and civilian casualties of nearly 2 million.