The muslim world

Events

Muhammad is born in Mecca

570 CE

He comes from a noble family and is well-known for his honesty and upright character.

Muhammad is visited by the angel Gabriel

610 CE

According to Muslim belief, at the age of 40, Muhammad is visited by the angel Gabriel while on retreat in a cave near Mecca. The angel recites to him the first revelations of the Quran and informs him that he is God's prophet. Later, Muhammad is told to call his people to the worship of the one God, but they react with hostility and begin to persecute him and his followers.

Muhammad and his followers migrate to the town of Yathrib

622 C.E.

After enduring pbullying in Mecca, Muhammad and his followers migrate to the nearby town of Yathrib (modern-day Medina), where the people there accepted Islam. This marks the "hijrah" or "emigration," and the beginning of the Islamic calendar. In Medina, Muhammad establishes an Islamic state based on the laws revealed in the Quran and the guidance coming to him from God. Eventually he begins to invite other tribes and nations to Islam.

The prophet clears the idols and images out of the Kaaba

630 C.E.

Rededicates it to the worship of God alone.

Muhammad dies after a prolonged illness. .

633 C.E.

The Muslim community elects his father-in-law and close associate, Abu Bakr, as caliph, or successor.

Muslims enter Syria, Palestine, Lebanon and Iraq

638 C.E.

Muslims enter Egypt and rout the Byzantine army.

641 C.E.

Muslims enter Egypt and rout the Byzantine army. Muslims consider their conquest as the liberation of subjugated people, since in they were under oppressive rule.

Islam begins to spread throughout North Africa.

655 CE

Imam Ali is killed, bringing to an end the rule of the four "righteous caliphs".

661 C.E.

Imam Ali is killed, bringing to an end the rule of the four "righteous caliphs": Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali. This also marks the beginning of the Umayyad rule.

Muslims enter Spain in the west and India in the east

711 C.E.

Muslims are defeated at Potiers in France by Charles Marte

732 C.E.

The Abbasids take over rule from the Umayyads

750 C.E.

The Abbasids take over rule from the Umayyads

750 C.E.

Islam continues to spread through the continent of Africa,

1000 C.E.

European Crusaders take Jerusalem from the Muslims

1099 C.E.

Islam continues to spread throughout Asia.

1120 C.E.

The earliest Ottoman state is formed in Anatolia, Turkey

1299 C.E

Ottomans conquer the Byzantine seat of Constantinople and change its name to Istanbul.

1453 C.E.