The Interwar Years

Events

Mussolini

1883 - 1945

Lenin

1903 - 1924

Weimar Republic

1919 - 1933

Constitution of the Weimar Republic publicized

August 1919

Kapp Putsch in Berlin

1920

famine in Russia

1921

Kronstadt mutiny leads Lenin to initiate his New Economic Policy

March 1921

Fascist march on Rome leads to Mussolini's assumption of power

October 1922

France invades the Ruhr

January 1923

Hitler's Beer Hall Putsch

November 1923

Death of Lenin

1924

Stalin

1924 - 1952

first Five-Year Plan launched in USSR

1928

Trotsky expelled from USSR

January 1929

Great Depression

1929 - 1939

Lateran Accord between the Vatican and the Italian state

February 1929

New York Stock Market crash

October 1929

Stalin's central position affirmed

November 1929

Bruning government begins in Germany

March 1930

Stalin calls for moderation in his policy of agricultural collectivization because of "dizziness from success"

Nazis capture 107 seats in German Reichstag

September 1930

National Government formed in Britain

August 1931

Reichstag election

March 5 1932

Hindenburg defeats Hitler for German presidency

March 13, 1932

Enabling Act

March 23, 1932

consolidates Nazi power

Franz von Papen forms German cabinet

May 31, 1932

German Reichstag election

July 31, 1932

German Reichstag election

November 6, 1932

Kurt von Schleicher forms German cabinet

December 2 1932

Hitler made German chancellor

January 30 1933

Reichstag fire

february 27 1933

Blood purge of the Nazi Party

June 30, 1934

Death of Hindenburg

August 2, 1934

Assassination of Kirov leads to the beginning of Stalin's purges

December 1, 1934

Nuremberg Laws

1935

Popular Front government in France

May 1936

Most famous of public purge trials in Russia

July 1936 - August 1936

Kristallnacht

1938

Putin

December 1999 - May 2008