John Ward Stimson

'Speculative Contributions of Early Art Ed. History & Race'

Stimson Family

Family Tree

Formation of Plymouth Colony; USA

Approx. 1620

Ancestry.com

Stimson's Family Immigration

Approx. 1620 - Approx. 1622

John Ward Stimson's 4th Great Grandfather (John Stimson (1600-1643) settles in Water town, Mass. from Newcastle, England. He marries Susanna Phillips ( 1607-1690) Ipswich, Mass.

Ancestry.com

George Stimson ( 3 x ) great grandfather (1641- 1695)

Approx. 1641

Marries Alice Phillips (relative) 1665-1695. Couple lives in Ipswich, Mass
and produce (son) George Stimson Jr. (1683) (great great grandfather) to John Ward Stimson (1850-1930) George Stimson Jr. marries Margaret Rust (1694-1734), Windham, New York. They have (son) George Stimson III, (1726-1796) who is John W. Stimson's (great grandfather). George Stimson III, marries Abigail Clark (1732-1803), and they have a several children. Henry B. Stimson 1773- 1851 (Grandfather) to John W. Stimson) is marries Rebecca Pond (1779-1856) b. in Fairfield, Conn. Henry Clark Stimson (Father to John Ward Stimson) is born 1813, in Windham, NY. He dies in Passiac, Patterson New Jersey (1894).

Ref: Ancestry.com

Henry Stimson marries Julia Atterbury

Approx. 1839

FATHER: Henry C. Stimson (1813-1894)

MOTHER: Julia Atterbury (1819-1908)
Ancestry.com

John Ward Stimson's Birth

Approx. 1850

Julia Atterbury-Stimson gives birth to John Ward Stimson on 16 Dec. 1850

Ancestry.com

Elanor (Stimson) Brooks marries Van Wyck Brooks

Approx. 1884

Elanor (Stimson)Brooks is the daughter of John W. Stimson who marries Elanor Elvira Maxson in 1882; Elanor Brooks has one brother (John Francis Stimson) from first marriage. John-Francis marries in 1913 and moves to the island of Tahati, with his bride Elizabeth Maguerete.

Ancestry.com

John Ward Stimson's Death

1930

Early American Art Educator and Artist, John Ward Stimson dies on 13 June 1930, in Riverside, California
Ancestry.com

(New York Times, Obituary)

Van Wyck Brooks wins Pulitzer Prize for History

Approx. 1936

From the "Flowering of New England"
Vann Wyck Brooks (886-1963), Stanford University
The daughter of John W. Stimson, Elanor (Stimson) Brooks was educated in the Classics and helped translate Greek and Latin texts for Van Wyck.

Art Education

Milestones of Art Education

Yale University is Founded

1701

New Haven, Conn.

Declaration of Independence

Approx. 1776

1870 Drawing Act

1870

First state mandated policy requiring Art Education

John W. Stimson Graduates from Yale University

1872

New Haven, Conn

Ecole Des Beau Arts, Graduate

Approx. 1873

John Ward Stimson Graduate of
Ecole Des Beau Arts, Paris, France

Princeton University Professor

Approx. 1874

Lecturer of Art, Art History and Design,
Studio Art Instructor

National Education Association establishes The Department of Art Education

Approx. 1883

The NEA establishes the 'NAEA' over time from a small group of Art Educators in 1882. This initial group was known as the Industrial Art Teachers Association; Boston, Mass. The Art Depart. branch of the NEA met for the first time in 1884.

(A History of Art Education, by Arthur D. Efland; p. 182)

John W. Stimson; Director of the MOMA

Approx. 1884

Director of the School of Fine Art at the Metropolitan Museum of Modern Art

The Artisan Artist Institute

Approx. 1887

John W. Stimson begins a Industrial Design School, {'Beau-Arts School'} which is highly promoted in the U.S. for its attempt to compete with European Art Industry. The Institute spanned several blocks in downtown Manhattan, New York. Block No. 136, 137, 138, 139, and 140 on West 23rd Street, NY

Artisan Artist Institute Exceeds Student Enrollment regardless of high tuition rate.

Approx. 1888 - Approx. 1890

Over 250 students are enrolled in the Institute in 1890. The tuition for the art school was $ 50 (in advance) for 8 months of day classes. According to the article, this was equivalent roughly to $1,000 dollars today. Night classes were at half price for the term.

Ref: "Daytonian in Manhattan Article: The 1888 Artist Artisan Institute Bldg.-N0.s 136-140 West 23rd street. online source, N p.

NY Times Ledger praises The Artisan Artist Institute

Approx. 1890

Article highlighted the Institutes direction for design, manual arts, and industrial design. Early direction by Stimson helped the early years of the Institute flourish.

Influence of The Artisan Artist Institute on Arts Industry

Approx. 1890

The NY Times Ledger reported that Stimson's Industrial Arts School brought form to function in Art and design. It was believed after exhibition at the World's Fair in Chicago, that the school was the leading institution for Industrial Art & Design. Some popular companies that shared studio space with the school include: The Tiffany Glass Company, Gorham Manufacturing Company, Phoenix Silk Company and Lamb Brothers.

Ref: New York Times Ledger, (1890)
The Evening World, (1893)

Hale A. Woodruff

Approx. 1900

Hale A. Woodruff (1900-1970)
The first Art instructor at Atlanta University, (now) Clark Atlanta University. He expanded pedagogy for African Americans, and provided an example for this need in Art Education.

The National Art Education Association; Studies in Art Education; Aaron Douglas and Hale Woodruff: African American Art Education, Gallery Work, and Expanded Pedagogy", by Sharif Bey, 2011, p. 112-126

"Ethical and Utilitarian Value of Vital Art", by John W. Stimson

1901

The Arena, vol 26. p. 178-190
July issue / University publication
Princeton, New Jersey

"Artist of the 20th Century Ideals", by John W. Stimson

1901

The Arena, vol. 26 p.67-77
July Issue/ University publication
Princeton, New Jersey

"New Vision, North Elba", Poem; by John W. Stimson

1901

The Arena:
University Publication; Princeton, New Jersey

"THE LAW OF THE THREE PRIMARIES" BY JOHN W. STIMSON

Approx. 1902

A Color Chart system and theoretical framework that describes the laws of dynamics, existence, cosmic space, and shape and natural elements. A prism of modified color through which formal elements of shape and natural minerals exist. Some examples of these formal elements are: star, circle, square, triangle, and rectangle.

"Rising Tide of Social Righteousness", by John W. Stimson

Approx. 1903

The Arena, Vol 30. p. 526-27,
University Publication; Princeton, New Jersey

THE GATE BEAUTIFUL, PRINCIPLES AND METHODS OF VITAL ART EDUCATION, BY JOHN W. STIMSON

Approx. 1903

Albert Brandt Publishing; Trenton, New Jersey

"Beauty and Social Progress", by John Ward Stimson

1904

The Arena, University Publication
Princeton, New Jersey
Feb. Issue, vol 31, p.133-37

"Lesson of the Japanese Renniasance", by John W. Stimson

1904

The Arena, Vol 32, Sept. Issue
University Publication,
Princeton, New Jersey

"Divine Forehead", by John W. Stimson

1904

The Arena, Apr. Issue Vol/ 31., p. 363-69
University Publication; Princeton, New Jersey

CORNELL UNIVERSITY LECTURE, BY JOHN W. STIMSON

1905

The Cornell Daily Sun, (Newspaper)
Lecture: " A Vital American Art and Its Outlook on American Life and Enterprise", located in Stimson Hall, Cornell University

"Modern Educational Readjustments", by John W. Stimson

1909

The Arena,
University Publication, Vol. 41. Mar-Apr Issue
Princeton,New Jersey

Book Review (Advert) Quote 2. "The Gate Beautiful", The arena vol 41, by Benjamin O. Flower

Approx. 1909

Book Review Quote 2. " An extremely valuable contribution to the art of thought and art-culture of our country"

George Lansing Raymond,; Prof. of Esthetics
Princeton University

Book Review (Advert) Quote 1. "The Gate Beautiful", The Arena vol 41, by Benjamin Orange Flower

Approx. 1909

Book Review
John W. Stimson's famous book. is advertised in this volume. Quote 1. " The most original, most richly suggestive, most comprehensive discriminating book ever published dealing with Art education. It will richlyinspire the reader who is willing to read, mark and inwardly digest."
Prof. Henry Turner Bailey; Dir. of Art Ed.; Mass State Schools

"WANDERING CHORDS: POEMS", BY JOHN W. STIMSON

1909

1909 Excerpt

"To Teach Boys How to Live", New England Education, Laporte, Ind. by John W. Stimson

Approx. 1910

By: John Ward Stimson, (pamphlet program)
The Interlaken School, 1910

Director of The Art and Science Institute, Trenton New Jersey

Approx. 1911

Articles suggest in documents that he was the Director of the School in addition to the founder of the Artist Artisan Institute, however, the dates as director of the New Jersey based school is an estimate.

John W. Stimson Retires from Art Education

1916

1916-1930 Stimson lives in Southern California until death
on June 11, 1930 in Riverside, Calif.

The New Negro Movement

Approx. 1919

African American Artists, Writers, and Musicians take part in social progress from oppression in Harlem to Paris, France.

(1919-1930)

History (1850-1930)

Important to historical events during Stimson's lifetime. (1850-1930)

On the Origins of Species; Charles Darwin

Approx. 1859

First published on November 24, 1859

Emancipation Proclamation

1863

Proclamation did not stop slavery, yet it gave the North under President Lincoln a way to create a new country void of slavery and allowed African Americans to serve in the military. According to The Library of Congress, over 198,00 African Americans served in the Army and Navy.

Ref: The Library of Congress

President Warren G. Harding, (R),

Approx. 1921 - Approx. 1923

Signed the Budget and Accounting Act of 1921, which allowed for audit of government projects. Harding (while under scandal) led the fight for civil liberties for African Americans, and supported Agriculture through more liberal farm credits. Ref: www.Biography.com

Great Depression

Approx. 1929

A pivotal time in History forming after the "Roaring Twenties," marked by economic hardship ending in the early 1940's. The "Depression" affected all areas of life including Education.

Post-History & Pub. Records (1930 - Current)

Important for comparative research to John W. Stimson era.

The Artist Artisan Institute continues to teach into the 20th C.

Approx. 1900

This was at the height of favor associated with the Institute. At one time, the famous artist, William Merritt Chase was teaching at the Institute. The space continued to be used by companies and manufacturers in the field for several decades after World War I.

World War I

Approx. 1914

1914-1918

"The Mis-Education of the Negro", Dr. Carter Godwin Woodson

1933

An early look at the educational plight of the African American experience.
Publisher: Tribeca Books, ISBN 978-1612930206

World War II

Approx. 1939

1939-1945

Atlanta Art Annuals; Atlanta University

Approx. 1942

The Annuals were yearly exhibitions sponsored by an African American Institution. The Atlanta Art Annual Art Exhibitions lasted from 1942-1970

The National Art Education Association, Studies in Art Education, "Aaron Douglas and Hale Woodruff: African American Art Education, Gallery Work, and Expanded Pedagogy", by: Sharif Bey; 2011, p. 117
(Syracuse University)

The Civil Rights Act

Approx. 1964

Ended segregation in public places and banned discrimination on basis of race, sex, color, religion, or national origin.
History.com

White Privilege and Male Privilege, by P. McIntosh

Approx. 1988

A Personal Account of Coming to See Correspondences Through Work in Women Studies; An elusive topic of racial bias and largely unintended, or unaware bias.
A good article to contrast (invisible) bias, disenfranchisement, and segregation.

Remodeling of the The Artist Artisan Institute Building

Approx. 1990

The Institute is converted in time into residential luxury apartments begining in 1990.

"Social Darwinism and the Quest for Beauty", by Arthur D. Efland

1990

In Efland's book: "A History of Art Education, Intellectual and Social currents in Teaching the Visual Arts", he discusses the following: Primitivism, Natural Selection, Science & Technology, and Educational Movements.
This will be a useful tool in comparative analysis of Stimson's use for natural order, nature and space.

"Negotiating Historical Interpretation; White Privelege; Histories of Art", by Dr. Stankiewiczri

Approx. 2013

Dr. Mary Ann Stankiewicz interprets African American's past with present indications of invisible weights (P. McIntosh's, 1989) of segregation, white privilege, identity and cyclical bias.

Ref: Visual Inquiry: Learning & Teaching Art, Vol 2., N0. 3; 2013
Pennsylvania State University