Japan invades the northern part of China to start WW2 in Asia
The Japanese Army committed mass murder in the capitol region of Nanjing. Possibly 300,000 died as a result. Many women were also raped before being slaughtered.
Nonagression Pact Between Germany and the Soviet Union
Approx. August, 1939
Hitler and Stalin agreed to a non-agression pact before Hitler invaded Poland, They agreed that Stalin would get East Poland as well as the Baltic States so Hitler could invade Poland. Hitler later broke his promise to Stalin.
Invasion of Poland
September 1, 1939 - October 6, 1939
Nazi Germany invades Poland using a tactic called "Blitzkrieg," or lightning war. This tactic used both air and ground attacks, which help Nazi Germany conquer the territory.
May 26, 1940 - June 4, 1940
With German forces surrounding French forces in Dunkirk during the fall of France, British boats, both military and non-military, rescued thousands of French soldiers.
France surrenders after the fall of Paris after the Germans marched into France through Belgium. Vichy France was established in Southern France at this time as well.
Germany Invades the USSR
Nicknamed "Operation Barbarossa," German troops invaded the USSR only 2 years after signing a nonaggression pact.
December 7, 1941
Afraid that of the strength of the US Navy, Japan attacked most of the US Naval Fleet at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. The next day the US declared war on Japan.
US surrenders Philippines to Japanese
March 9, 1942
After a defeat at Bataan, US surrendered the Philippines to the Japanese with US soldiers on the islands. The colony stayed with Japan till 1945.
Battle at Coral Sea
May 4, 1942 - May 8, 1942
The Battle at Coral Sea was a successful repulsion at Japan's attempt to gain a base close to Mainland Australia, which would have most likely resulted in the loss of US' only Pacific ally.
Battle of Midway
June 4, 1942 - June 7, 1942
The main turning point in the war in Asia. The US Navy destroyed most of the Japanese Navy in a battle for a airfield owned by the United States.
Battle of El Alamein
July 1, 1942 - July 27, 1942
Led by British General Montgomery, Allied forces stopped Erwin Rommel from capturing the Suez Canal in Egypt. This battle turned the tide in the war in Africa.
August 7, 1942 - February 9, 1943
The Japanese's second attempt at capturing a base near Mainland Australia. It ended in a bloody defeat for the Japanese as it began the demise of Imperial Japan.
German Surrender at Stalingrad
February 7, 1943
The USSR successfully held the Nazi Army out of the Soviet city of Stalingrad. Over 1 million Soviet soldiers died defending the city.
German Surrender in Kursk
A USSR victory against Germany which saw them regain territory which was previously controlled by Nazi Germany.
June 6, 1944
Also known as "Operation Overlord," saw US, British and Canadian forces storm the beaches of Normandy at the start to recapture France.
Battle of Leyte Gulf
October 23, 1944 - October 26, 1944
This battle saw the recapture of the Philippines to the Allies. It also pushed the Allies even closer to Mainland Japan.
Battle of the Bulge
December 16, 1944 - January 25, 1945
The Germans last major attempt at stopping the Allies from entering Germany. The Nazi army failed and the Allies marched towards Berlin.
One of the final battles between the Japanese and Americans in Asia. The US won and took control of the island. This battle is most notable for the picture taken of American troops hoisting the American flag atop a hill on Iwo Jima.
Nazi Germany surrenders unconditionally to the Allies to end the war in Europe.
April 1945 - June 1945
The United States invade Okinawa, a southern island owned by Japan. It was the closest battle to Mainland Japan. Many civilians of Okinawa were told to commit suicide when the US captured the island.
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
April 6, 1945 - April 9, 1945
Two atomic bombs were dropped on the Japanese cities of Nagasaki and Hiroshima. Japan surrendered soon after unconditionally to the Allies.
November 20, 1945 - October 1, 1946
Nazi officials were tried for war crimes due to racial crimes committed during the Holocaust. Officials who did not attend included Adolf Hitler, Heinrich Himmler, and Joseph Goebbels, who all committed suicide before the trials.