Paper 1 Timeline for Mocks

Events

Post WW1 Treaties

TOV

1919

Treaty of Rapallo

1922

Re-established diplomatic relations, and financial claims that each country had on the other pledged future cooperation. Germany could manufacture airplanes and ammunition forbidden by Versailles in USSR, also German officers trained in Russia

Collective Security

Non-Aggression Pact w Poland

1925

Looks like an act of statesmanship but Hitler was planning on breaking it

Withdrawl from the disarmament conference

1933

Germany left the LON

1933

Non-aggression pact w poland

1934

Stresa Front

1935

Britain, France, Italy, wanted to reaffirm Locarno treaties, and also stated that they would resist and opposition from Hitler trying to break down the TOV
Broke down 2 months later when Mussolini invaded Abyssinia

Disarmament Conferences

The Washington Conference

1921

Resulted in the four power, five power, nine power treaty
USSR was not involved in it
Agreement on naval arms

Geneva disarmament conference

1933

US and LON try to actualize the policy of disarmament and fail

Weimar

Spartacist Revolution

1919

Extremist Groups

1919 - 1922

Freikorps attempt to overthrow the government

March 1920

Death of Matthias Erzberger

1921

Reich minister of finance
Significance= Displays the strong effect that the extremists have on the government. Also from the German perspective, clear dislike for democracy

Walter Rathenau assisinated

1922

Foreign minister of the Weimar Republic, also initiated the Treaty of Rapallo

Significance= Displays the strong effect that the extremists have on the government. Also from the German perspective, clear dislike for democracy

French and Belgian Troops Invade the Ruhr

1923

Try and force Germans to pay reparations

Consequence= Adds to the German anger since the Ruhr was a prime hub of industry for Germans

Dawes Plan

1924

Reparations is frozen for G for 2 years, US loans and markets opened to Germany, Debt is graduated

Significance= Germany’s economy was stymied after the TOV. By freezing reparations it not only reduces tensions but also leads to better relations w the US. Major key= US currency is the strongest in the world which helps to revive the economy

Locarno Pact

1925

Western Europe-- Primarily to make France and Belgium feel secure
Czechoslovakia and Poland not included in Locarno
When Stresemann introduced the Locarno Pact in 1925, this Pact worked to change the German perspective because it secured borders with other important countries such as France, even though France had been a key signatory in the Treaty of Versailles.

Joins LON

1926

Kellogg Briand Pact

1928

Outlaws using war as a means of solving conflict

Young Plan

1929

US agrees to give further loans to Germany, much reduced payment scheme of repayments for reparations over 50 years

Was supposed to help revive the economy even further, but then the GD occurs, heavily affecting the world economy, so therefore this plan is never implemented