Opposition 1855-1949

Events

Young Russia

1862

Polish Revolt

1863

Nikolai Chernyshevsky

1863

What is to be done?

Dmitri Karakozov

1866

Assassination Attempt

Antoni Berezowski

1867

Attempts to assassinate Tsar

Tchaikovsky's Circle formed

1868

Communist Manifesto translated into Russian

1869

Narodniks

1874

Attempt 'going to the people' - failed

Pyotry Lavrov

1874

Narodnik
Encourages 2000 young people to go to the people in the countryside

Land and Liberty formed

1877

2 Assassination attempts on Tsar's life

1879

Planted mine and attempted shooting

Land and Liberty split

August 1879

Black Repartition by Pletchanov
The People's Will by Mikhailov

TSAR ASSASSINATED BY THE PEOPLE'S WILL

13 March 1881

Novelist Leo Tolstoy

1883

Wrote 'What I Believe' --> revolution

First Russian Marxist group formed

1883

Plekhanov

1885

Writes 'Our Differences'

People's Will

1886

Student's attempt to reform

Group made bombs with intentions of assassinating Alexander III before arrest

1887

Famine

1891

Opposition groups set up relief campaigns in the countryside

Socialist Revolutionaries

1891

Emerged from the Famine

The BUND formed

1897

General Union of Jewish Workers
Opposed autocracy

Russian Social Democrats Workers Party formed

1898

Based on ideas of Marxism

Lenin released from exile

1900

Socialist Revolutionary Party

1901

Formed by Chernov

University Rebellion

1901

1500 students imprisoned

Lenin writes 'What is to be done'

1902

Votes of the Red Cockerel

1902 - 1907

Father Georgi Gapon

1903

Formed 'Assembly of Russian Workers Union'

Social Democrats Split

1903

Form Bolsheviks and Menshviks

1905 Revolution

1905

General Strikes

1905

Brings Moscow to a standstill

Bloody Sunday

January 22, 1905

Potemkin Mutiny

14 June 1905

Lena Goldfield Massacre

1912

Caused the purge at the government

Whites in the Civil War

1917 - 1924

Bolshevik (Communist) Revolution (1917)

1917

Seizure of Power

Attempt on Lenin's Life

1918

Civil War

1918 - 1921

Ban on Factions and Konstantin Mutiny

1921

Lenin's Testament

1924

Zinoviev, Kamenev and Trotsky

1926

Formed united Opposition

2 opposition groups form out of forty elite

1932

Old Bolsheviks

Central Committee Elections

1934

Trotsky Killed

1940

Soviet POWs

1945

Returning from war speaking German, threat

Stalin's Paranoia Era

1946 - 5 March 1953

Stalin's Death

5 March 1953