Quebec/Canada Timeline

Events

United Nations

1945

United Nation is established following WW2. Canada is one of the original members.

Cold War

1945 - 1991

Cold War starts with a Soviet spy exposing a Russian spy ring in Canada.

NATO Formed

1949

North Atlantic Treaty Organization is an alliance between the US, Canada, and a handful of other countries in the Northern Atlantic region.

Quiet Revolution

1960 - 1970

A period of socio-political and socio-cultural change in Quebec, in an effort to gain more control over their own province. It is called the Quiet Revolution because it was unknown of in the other provinces.

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962

A nuclear war scare between the United States and the Soviet Union.

Canadian Flag Raised

1965

After much discussion between English and French Canada, the maple leaf was agreed upon.

Immigration Policy Changed

1967

Canadian Immigration policy made 'colour-blind.'

Parti Quebecois Formed

October, 1968

Parti Quebecois formed from a merger between the Mouvement souveraineté-association (MSA), led by René Lévesque, and the Ralliement national (RN), led by Gilles Grégoire. Rene Levesque was the leader of the new party, which was focused on the separation of Quebec from the rest of Canada.

Official Languages Act

September 9, 1969

The Official Languages Act is a federal statute passed in 1969 that made English and French the official languages of Canada. It was passed on the recommendation of the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism.

War Measures Act Invoked

1970

The Act was invoked in response to kidnappings by a terrorist group, Front de Liberation du Quebec.

Multiculturalism Policy Instated

1971

The Canadian government under PM Pierre Trudeau instated an official policy of multiculturalism, recognizing and respecting a society diverse in languages, cultures, religions, etc.

Immigration Act

1976

Act giving more power to the provinces to set their own immigration regulations.

Montreal Olympics

1976

Olympic Games are held in Montreal, Quebec.

Bill 101

1977

Officially named the Charter of the French Language, Bill 101 defined French as the official language of Quebec.

Referendum of 1980

1980

Referendum called by the Parti Quebecois, asking whether Quebec should pursue a path towards sovereignty.

Constitution Patriated

1982

The new Canadian Constitution was instated with the agreement of all provinces except Quebec.

Bloc Quebecois Formed

1991

Bloc Quebecois is a political party focused on Quebec nationalism and the promotion of Quebec sovereignty.

North American Free Trade Agreement

1994

Canada, the United States, and Mexico sign the agreement.

Quebec Referendum

1995

The second referendum to ask Quebec residents whether the province should proclaim national sovereignty and become an independent country. 50.58% voted no.

Clarity Act

2000

Legislation passed that established the conditions under which the Government of Canada would enter into negotiations that might lead to secession following such a vote by one of the provinces.