The Kamakura Period: Broad Strokes

THE HEIAN BIBLIOGRAPHY PROJECT. For reference and memorization!

Kamakura Shoguns

Minamoto Yoritomo

1192 - 1199

Minamoto Yoritomo becomes shōgun, marking the beginning of a warrior government in Japan. Life: 1147-1199.

Minamoto Yoriie

1202 - 1203

Son of Minamoto Yoritomo and Hōjō Masako. He became second shōgun of Kamakura at seventeen, but he was soon ousted by his mother's family, the Hōjō. He was assassinated in 1204.

Minamoto Sanetomo

1203 - 1219

The third Kamakura shōgun. Second son of Minamoto Yoritomo and Hōjō Masako. His position of shōgun was largely superficial. He wrote many poems before he was assassinated in 1219. He was the last Minamoto shōgun.

Kujō Yoritsune

1226 - 1244

The fourth Kamakura shōgun, largely a figurehead. The regent Hōjō Yoshitoki and Hōjō Masako were in control during his reign. Life: 1218-1256.

Kujō Yoritsugu

1244 - 1252

The fifth Kamakura shogun, son of Kujō Yoritsune. He was a figurehead for the Hōjō. He died at eighteen.

Prince Munekata

1252 - 1266

Another shogun controlled by the Hōjō regents before he retired and became a monk. Life: 1242-1274.

Prince Koreyasu

1266 - 1289

The seventh Kamakura shogun, son of Prince Munekata, and controlled by the Hōjō regents until he retired and became a monk. Life: 1264-1336.

Prince Hisaaki

1289 - 1308

The eighth Kamakura shogun and related to Go-Fukakusa Tennō and Fushimi Tennō. Life: 1276-1328.

Prince Morikuni

1308 - 1333

The ninth and last Kamakura shogun. Son of Prince Hisaaki. Life: 1301-1333.

Violent Clashes

Jōkyū War

1221

Retired sovereign Go-Toba faced off against the Hōjō regents after a succession dispute, with disastrous results. Hōjō Toshitoki defeats the retired sovereign and banishes him to Oki Island. The estates of Go-Toba's supporters are given to new owners, changing the political landscape.

First Mongol Invasion

1274

Second Mongol Invasion

1281

Hōjō Regents

Hōjō Tokimasa

1203 - 1205

Hōjō Yoshitoki

1205 - 1224

Hōjō Yasutoki

1224 - 1242

Hōjō Tsunetoki

1242 - 1246

Hōjō Tokiyori

1246 - 1256

Hōjō Tokimune

1268 - 1284

Hōjō Sadatoki

1284 - 1301

Hōjō Morotoki

1301 - 1311

Hōjō Takatoki

1316 - 1326

Religion, Literature, Documents

Eisai returns from China with Zen teachings

1192

Kamo no Chōmei writes Hōjōki

Approx. 1212

Kamo no Chomei completes An Account of My Hut, which is part description of recent disaster and part philosophical treatise on solitude and austerity.

Shinran writes the Kyogyoshinsho

1224

Shinran writes one of the Jōdō Shinshū (True Pure Land) sect's most important texts.

Goseibai shikimoku law code is promulgated

1232

Azuma Kagami

Approx. 1260

The official court history of the Kamakura shogunate

Founding Watari Shinto text

1295

The Watari (Ise) Shinto text, the Shintō gobusho, is completed, articulating a new vision for Ise Shrines, cosmology, and deities.

Enin Tokuseirei Debt Cancellation Policy

1297

Kenmu Tokuseirei debt cancellation policy

1334

Ruling Tennō

Go-Toba

1183 - 1198

Tsuchimikado

1198 - 1210

Juntoku

1210 - 1221

Go-Horikawa

1221 - 1232

Shijo

1232 - 1242

Go-Saga

1242 - 1246

Go-Fukakusa

1246 - 1259

Kameyama

1259 - 1274

Go-Uda

1274 - 1287

Fushimi

1287 - 1298

Go-Fushimi

1298 - 1301

Go-Nijō

1301 - 1308

Hanazono

1308 - 1318

Go-Daigo

1318 - 1339