Minamoto Yoritomo becomes shōgun, marking the beginning of a warrior government in Japan. Life: 1147-1199.
1202 - 1203
Son of Minamoto Yoritomo and Hōjō Masako. He became second shōgun of Kamakura at seventeen, but he was soon ousted by his mother's family, the Hōjō. He was assassinated in 1204.
1203 - 1219
The third Kamakura shōgun. Second son of Minamoto Yoritomo and Hōjō Masako. His position of shōgun was largely superficial. He wrote many poems before he was assassinated in 1219. He was the last Minamoto shōgun.
1226 - 1244
The fourth Kamakura shōgun, largely a figurehead. The regent Hōjō Yoshitoki and Hōjō Masako were in control during his reign. Life: 1218-1256.
1244 - 1252
The fifth Kamakura shogun, son of Kujō Yoritsune. He was a figurehead for the Hōjō. He died at eighteen.
1252 - 1266
Another shogun controlled by the Hōjō regents before he retired and became a monk. Life: 1242-1274.
1266 - 1289
The seventh Kamakura shogun, son of Prince Munekata, and controlled by the Hōjō regents until he retired and became a monk. Life: 1264-1336.
1289 - 1308
The eighth Kamakura shogun and related to Go-Fukakusa Tennō and Fushimi Tennō. Life: 1276-1328.
1308 - 1333
The ninth and last Kamakura shogun. Son of Prince Hisaaki. Life: 1301-1333.
Retired sovereign Go-Toba faced off against the Hōjō regents after a succession dispute, with disastrous results. Hōjō Toshitoki defeats the retired sovereign and banishes him to Oki Island. The estates of Go-Toba's supporters are given to new owners, changing the political landscape.
First Mongol Invasion
Second Mongol Invasion
1203 - 1205
1205 - 1224
1224 - 1242
1242 - 1246
1246 - 1256
1268 - 1284
1284 - 1301
1301 - 1311
1316 - 1326
Religion, Literature, Documents
Eisai returns from China with Zen teachings
Kamo no Chōmei writes Hōjōki
Kamo no Chomei completes An Account of My Hut, which is part description of recent disaster and part philosophical treatise on solitude and austerity.
Shinran writes the Kyogyoshinsho
Shinran writes one of the Jōdō Shinshū (True Pure Land) sect's most important texts.
Goseibai shikimoku law code is promulgated
The official court history of the Kamakura shogunate
Founding Watari Shinto text
The Watari (Ise) Shinto text, the Shintō gobusho, is completed, articulating a new vision for Ise Shrines, cosmology, and deities.