Germany

Events

Treaty of Versailles

1919

Weimar Republic

Spartacist Rebellion

1919

Freikorps tries to overthrow the government

1920

The Washington Conference

1921

Treaty of Rapallo

1922

Re-established diplomatic relations, and financial claims that each country had on the other pledged future cooperation. Germany could manufacture airplanes and ammunition forbidden by Versailles in USSR, also German officers trained in Russia

Belgian and French invasion of the Ruhr

1923

Dawes Plan

1924

Reparations is frozen for G for 2 years, US loans and markets opened to Germany, Debt is graduated

Locarno Pact

1925

Western Europe-- Primarily to make France and Belgium feel secure
Czechoslovakia and Poland not included in Locarno
When Stresemann introduced the Locarno Pact in 1925, this Pact worked to change the German perspective because it secured borders with other important countries such as France, even though France had been a key signatory in the Treaty of Versailles.

Joins LON

1926

Kellogg Briand Pact

1928

Outlaws using war as a means of solving conflict

The Great Depression

1929

Young Plan

1929

US agrees to give further loans to Germany, much reduced payment scheme of repayments for reparations over 50 years

Was supposed to help revive the economy even further, but then the GD occurs, heavily affecting the world economy, so therefore this plan is never implemented

Hitler

Hitler arrested in the Kapp Putsch, writes Mein Kampf

1924

Nazi’s win 230 Reichstag seats becoming the largest single party state

1932

Enabling Act

1933

Gives Hitler dictatorial powers for 4 years
Weimar Republic no longer exists, completely Nazified government

Hitler becomes chancellor

1933

Reichstag fire

Feb 1933

Blamed on communists, further solidifying hatred against them

Hitler dies

April 30, 1945

Domestic

First concentration camp established

1933

established to deal w political enemies but then includes Jews, Roma, gays, Jehovah’s witnesses

Rearmament begins

1933

Night of the Long Knives

June 30, 1934

Hindenburg dies

August 2, 1934

Hitler merges offices of the Chancellor and President

Nuremburg Laws

1935

pure Aryan Germans forbidden from having any relationships w Jews. Only Aryan’s could become German citizens w full political rights

First 4 year plan

1936

Goal was to create autarky

Night of Broken Glass

November 9, 1938

The morning after the pogroms 30,000 German Jewish men were arrested for the "crime" of being Jewish and sent to concentration camps, where hundreds of them perished.

Final Solution

January 20, 1942

Genocide
Lebensraum (from Mein Kampf)

Foreign

Germany leaves the LON

1933

Non-Aggression Pact with Poland

1934

Stresa-Front

1935

Britain, France, Italy, wanted to reaffirm Locarno treaties, and also stated that they would resist and opposition from Hitler trying to break down the TOV
Broke down 2 months later when Mussolini invaded Abyssinia

Anglo-German Naval Agreement

June 18, 1935

Invasion of the Rhineland of March 7, 1936

March 7, 1936

Anschluss

1938