The Opium war was a war fought between Britain and China over illegal smuggling of the drug into China. China was unhappy that their citizens were buying illegal Opium from the British and the Emperor decided to attack Britain after many British refusals to stop trade. The British won this war due to superior steam-powered gunboats.
At the time Hong Xiuquan believed that he could start a way of life in China that would eliminate poverty and share the wealth of China. He then put together an army that consisted of around a million peasant soldiers and rebelled against the current Chinese government at the time. The Taiping were essentially wiped out with help of the British and the French but the rebellion was one of the bloodiest in history.
This was a major geopolitical war that was fought between the Russians and the Ottomans. The Russians wanted to gain access to a warm weather port that was under the control of the Ottoman. During the war the Ottoman were desperate and asked Britain for support. In doing this the British realized the Ottoman were not fit to be a solitary civilization and began to slowly take their lands due to the Ottoman military weakness.
The treaty of Kanagawa was was a treaty between the United States and Japan that required Japan to open two of its ports to trade. This treaty was a significant treaty at the time due to how it successfully opened up the formerly isolated Japan to trade. This treaty also made way for many other western countries to gain access to Japan's ports as well.
This was a rebellion in which the Sepoy refused to fight using the ammunition that the British supplied them with due to rumors that spread of that the cartridges were greased with beef and pork fat. The Sepoy were affected by this due to how they were Hindu and Muslim who considered the cow to be sacred. When the British saw this they were angered and sent disobedient soldiers to jail. Thus the Sepoy rebellion occurred. This rebellion was significant due to how the end result was that the British now had full control over India.
The British control and occupation of India was very significant in this time due to how the British considered India to be the "Jewel of the Empire." The British occupation of India was important due to an increased amount of goods that were native to India and how it also gave them access to many different ports.
In Egypt, Muhammad Ali had started to try to create a waterway that connected the Red Sea to the Mediterranean. This was a significant idea due to how it was essentially a route for trade to pass on so ships would not have to sail around Africa if they wanted to go from Europe to Southern Asia. Halfway through this project Muhammad ran out of funding from the French on his canal and had to turn to the British for the remainder. While funding this idea the British slowly started to dominate the surrounding area and gain control of the Canal. This was a significant event due to how its was yet another geopolitical location that Britain had obtained.
The Berlin Conference was a conference that was held by European nations in order to settle disputes over territories in Africa. This was a conference that consisted of only European rulers and no African leaders. What was a direct result of this conference was that of a huge population movement of Europeans to Africa to colonize their new territories. This eventually led to the Boer Wars.
This war was a war between the Chinese and the Japanese that was fought over Korea. In this war the Japanese overtook the Chinese and pushed them completely out of the territory. The Japanese had successfully destroyed the Chinese navy and succeeded in not only taking Korea, but parts of Manchuria as well.
Starting with the Dutch East India Company, Europe slowly started to gain more and more control over the Pacific Rim. The Dutch slowly expanded control from Indonesia to parts of Borneo, Sumatra, Celebes, and Malacca. The British and French follow suit with the French taking Indochina and the British taking India and parts of Malaysia. This was significant do to how it shows the rapid increase in European influence in Southeast Asia.
This was a war fought between the Americans and the Spanish. The significance of this battle was that the Spanish eventually lose control over the Philippines which brought major technological advances to the country. Due to the Spanish not expecting this attack on the Philippines, the Spanish military was quickly defeated in about four months.
The Boer Wars were a series of battles between the Dutch and the British over land in Africa. Due to industrial advantages of the British the Dutch knew they held no chance against beating the British and began to retreat north. In doing so, the Dutch were met by the Zulu, African Natives. This caused major conflicts due to the imperialism of Europe.
The open door policy was a policy that was enacted by the United States that concerned trading policy and affairs in China. The open door policy was a policy that opened all of China up to trade from all nations. This was put into effect due to growing U.S concerns that China would be divided into colonies, like Europe did to Africa, and shut out American trade.
After the Open door Policy was enacted many Chinese were frustrated that they were being forced away from their wanted isolationism. These people eventually grouped up and called themselves the Society of Righteous Fists due to their knowledge of martial arts. They believed that they had a spiritual protection from the western weapons and attacked fearlessly. They were quickly defeated but they sparked a feeling of nationalism for the Chinese
The Russo-Japanese war was a war between the Russians and the Japanese over Manchuria. Japan wanted Korea and were willing to compromise with the Russians in that they would give Russia Manchuria in exchange for Korea. When Russia refused Japan attacked Manchuria and defeated most of their navy. Japan then went and attacked Korea and in 1910 annexed at as part of Japan.