They dominate sea trade, Live on island of Crete, Capitol is Knossos.
Ruled by warrior kings, Heavy fortifications, Dominate Greek mainland area
Minoans disappear and we never hear anything about them again
take over during Greek dark age, no economy, no written records.
First known Olympic games dedicated to the Greek gods
Sparta conquers Messenia and Messenians become helots
They revolt because of harsh rule, but revolt gets buried by Spartan army.
Draco makes a law code for Athens
He is a ruler who gets rid of debt slavery, establishes four social classes based on wealth.
Romans overthrow horrible Etruscan king named Tarquin the proud.
A statesman who splits Athens into ten groups based on where you live.
The Ionian Greeks revolt against Persian taxes in Anatolia.
25,000 Persians VS. 11,000 Athenians. Greeks win and a runner named Pheidppides runs 25 miles to Athens to announce victory, but drops dead.
Xerxes son of Darius I launches second invasion on Greece
A very big time where Athens art and political things are exceeding the Ancient world
An Athenian politician who has three main goals: 1. Strengthen Athenian democracy. 2. Hold and stregthen the Athenian "Empire". 3. Glorify Athens.
12 tables created, also the first law code of the Roman republic
A war between Athens and Sparta that kills 1/3 of the population in Greece. Sparta makes Athens surrender in 404 BC
Macedonians invade Greece and end the Greeks independence.
Alexander the great crosses the Granicus River and invades Persia. This was the first step in taking Persia.
Alexander comes into Persia and Darius III doesn't know what to do and flees. Alexanders army is taking lots of land at this time.
Alexander wins battle of Gaugamela and Darius III flees again and Persian ends up killing Darius III there selves which makes Alexander very mad.
Alexander battles war elephants and still wins, although losing many men.
3 wars between Rome and there rival Carthage. Hannibal was a Carthaginian general during the second Punic war. Carthage won a great battle at Cannae. Scipio was a Roman General who defeated Hannibal at the final battle of Zama.
Scipio defeats Hannibal in the Final Punic War, which gives Rome the land.
Caesar is assassinated and stabbed over 20 times because people were afraid he was holding too much power.
This battle ended the Roman Republic, Cleopatra and Marc Antony commit suicide. Egypt is now apart of Roman territory.
This is the point in Rome where they get most powerful. Everything in Rome starts to be very very good. This is very similar to the golden age of Athens.
This is the start of Romes peak
In 64 AD the Great fire of Rome took lace and burned most of Rome. This caused Rome to go into financial difficulties.
In 313 the persecution and killing of Christians has come to an end in Rome.
The Nicene Creed is a statement of beliefs of the Christian church, or a prayer.
The capitol of Rome has been moved to Byzantium.
Emperor Theodosius made Christianity the official Roman religion in 380 AD
The Western empire has fallen because of three reasons: Internal problems, Outside invasions, and separation of the empire.