Russian History 1855-1894

Tsars

Reign of Tsar Alexander II

2 March 1855 - 13 March 1881

Reign of Tsar Alexander III

13 March 1881 - 1 November 1894

Reign of Tsar Nicholas

1 November 1894 - December 1904

Events

The Treaty of Paris

30 March 1856

The Emancipation Edict and Abolition of Serfdom

1861

Introduction of the Dumas

1870

Russian publication of Karl Marx's 'Das Kapital'

1872

Jewish Pogroms

1881 - 1884

May Laws regarding Jews

15 May 1882

Land Captains Introduced

12 July 1889

Widespread Famine

1891 - 1902

Commission on Agriculture set up

1901

Economic slump follows world-wide depression and failed harvests

1901 - December 1904

Agrarian and Industrial Unrest

1901 - December 1904

Peasant Disorder

1901

Lenin published 'What is to be done?'

March 1902

Main section of Trans-Siberian Railway finished

1903

Full Trans-Siberian Railway finished

21 July 1904

Reforms

Creation of State Bank. Reform of tax collection

1860

Church reforms

1867 - 1869

City/Town government reforms

1870

Counter-reform in Censorship

1881 - 1882

Peasant Land Bank

April 1883 - December 1894

Counter-reforms in Education and Church

1884

Counter-reform in Zemstvo

1890

Tsar Deaths and Assassination Attempts

Assassination Attempt

4 April 1866

Assassination of Alexander II

13 March 1881

Death of Tsar Alexander III

1 November 1894

Political Groupings

'Emancipation of Labour' founded by Plekhanov

September 1883

'Social Revolutionary Party' established

1902

Social Democrats split into Bolsheviks and Mensheviks

16 November 1903

'Union of Liberation' (moderate)

January 1904

Ministers

Sergei Witte as Finance Minister

1892 - 1903