WC Term Two Timeline

Events

Minoans

2000 BC - 1400 BC

The Minoans lived on the island of Crete. They were powerful, seafaring people with a strong navy. Linear A was a written language of the Minoans that hasn’t been translated yet.

Myceaneans

1700 BC - 1100 BC

Undo-Europeans who settled on the Greek mainland. Capital city: Mycenae. Ruled by warrior kings.

Minoan End

1450 BC

Ends mysteriously in 1450 BC.

Dorians

1150 BC - 750 BC

Group of people who move into Greece around 1150 BC. Not advanced economy and trade stop. Wedding for the gods.

First Olympics

776 BC

First known Olympic games, held to honor the gods.

Sparta

725 BC

Sparta conquers Messenia and they become Helots.

Messians Revolt

625 BC

Messenians revolt against harsh rule. Spartans just barely defeat the revolt. This makes Sparta becomes a strong military state.

Draco

621 B.C.

Develops legal code based on equality of citizens.

Solon

594 BCE

Gets rid of debt slavery and establishes four social classes based on wealth.

Tarquin the Proud

509 BC

Romans overthrow horrible Etruscan king named Tarquin the Proud. Declared never again to be ruled by king.

Cleisthenes

500 BC

Reforms the idea of democracy by splitting Athens into ten groups based on where you live. Increase power of the ecclesia. Creates the assembly of Athenian citizens who ran the government.

Persian Wars

499 BC - 493 BC

A war between the Greek city states and the Persian Empire.

Battle of Marathon

490 BC

25,000 Persians vs. 11,000 Athenians. Pheidippides runs 25 miles.

Xerxes

480 BC

Battle of Thermopylae. Battle of Artemisia. Battle of Salamis. Delian League.

Athens’s Golden Age

477 BC - 431 BC

Pericles

461 BC - 429 BC

Politician who lead Athens.

Law in the early Republic

451 BC

12 Tables- Roman laws carved onto stone tablets.

Peloponnesian War

431 BC - 404 BC

War breaks out between Athens and Sparta.

Battle of Chaeronea

338 BC

Macedonians invade and defeat Greeks ends Greek independence.

Alexander The Great

334 BC

Alexander The Great invades Persia. He took the Granicus River in 334 BC.

Alexander The Great

333 BC

Alexander the Great invades Issus.

Alexander The Great

331 BC

Persia is defeated again, Alexander then captures Babylon, Susa, Persepolis.

Alexander The Great

326 BC

Alexander conquers parts of Indus Valley.

Punic Wars

264 BC - 146 BC

3 wars between Rome and Carthage.

Scipio

202 BC

Roman general during 2nd Punic War. Outsmarts Hannibal by bringing the war to Carthage. Defeats Hannibal at Battle of Zama.

Juilus Caeser

44 BC

Caesar declared himself dictator for life.

Battle of Actium

31 BC

Ends Roman Republic

End of the Roman Republic

27 BC

Falls because it’s weakened by internal conflict and civil wars.

Pax Romana

27 BC - 180 AD

“Roman peace”. Rome’s peak.

Great Fire of Rome

64 AD

Emperor Nero blamed the Christians.

Edict of Milan

313 AD

Law from Emperor Constantine that legalized Christianity.

Council of Nicaea

325 AD

Writes the Nicaea Creed- Statement of beliefs of the Christian church.

Capital

330 AD

Moves capital to Byzantium but renamed it Constantine-”City of Constantine”.

Theodosius

380 AD

Emperor Theodosius makes Christianity official religion of the empire.

Western Empire Falls

476 AD

Inflation, population decline, military turmoil, etc. Germanic tribes pushed into Rome by Huns. Can’t support/fend for itself.