Industrialization and Global Interaction (1750-1900)

Events

Dutch establish trading post in Java

1619

Manchu nomads conquer China

1644

Dutch settlement in South Africa at Cape Town

1652

Calcutta established in Bengal

1690

death of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb

1707

massive population growth in Europe

1730

Reign of Qianlong

1736 - 1799

War of Austrian Succession

1740 - 1748

Seven Years War

1756 - 1763

Battle of Plassey

1757

Great Famine in Bengal

1761 - 1770

Ottoman defeat in War with Russia

1768 - 1774

James Watt's steam engine

1770

American Revolution

1775 - 1782

1st convict settlement in Australia

1788

French Revolution

1789 - 1799

George Washington 1st president

1789

reign of Sultan Selim III

1789 - 1807

Beginning of per capita birthrate decline (US)

1790

Slave rebellion in Haiti

1792

Radical phase of French Revolution

1793 - 1794

1st European settlers

1793

French evasion of Egypt

1798

Reign of Napoleon

1799 - 1815

growth of "Dutch Studies"

1800 - 1850

romanticism in literature and art

1800 - 1850

Louisiana Purchase

1803

reign of Muhammad Ali of Egypt

1805 - 1849

reign of Sultan Mahmud II

1807 - 1839

Portuguese court flees Napoleon goes to Brazil

1808

Rise of democratic suffrage in US

1810 - 1826

Failure of Napoleon invasion of Russia

1812

Russia reacquires Poland: Holy Alliance

1815

Congress of Vienna ushers in more conservatism

1815

Boers begin Great Trek

1815

Industrialization in US

Approx. 1820

Revolutions in Spain/Greece

1820

Father Hidalgo initiates Mexican

1820

Mexico declares independence

1821

Brazil declares Independence

1822

Monroe Doctrine

1823

1st legislative council

1823

Decembrist Revolt

1825

Active colonization of New Zealand

1826 - 1837

Andrew Jackson 7th president

1829

Serbia gains autonomy

1829 - 1878

Gran Colombia dissolves when Bolivar dies

1830

Greece wins independence from Ottomans

1831

Reform Bill of England

1832

postal system established

1834

support for English education in India

1835

US-Canada border clashes

1837 - 1842

rebellion in Canada

1837

treaty with British remove trade restictions

1838

Tanzimat Reforms

1839 - 1876

Opium War

1839 - 1841

New colonial policy allows legislature/more autonomy

1839

Union Act reorganizes Canada

1840

1st Maori War

1843 - 1848

European revolutions

1845 - 1849

Mexican-American War

1846 - 1848

Karl Marx: rise of socialism

1848

Taiping Rebellion

1850 - 1864

Colonies Government Act allows more legislature/autonomy

1850

1st railroad built in India

1853

Crimean War

1854 - 1856

Anglo-French War in China

1856 - 1860

Calcutta, Madras, and Bombay Universities founded

1857

Sepoy Rebellion

1857 - 1858

British Parliament assumes control over India

1858

Italy unification

1859 - 1870

Darwin's "Origin of Species"

1859

2nd Maori War

1860 - 1870

American Civil War

1861 - 1865

Emancipation of Serfs

1861

Emancipation Proclamation US

1863

1864 Haiti declares independence

1864

German unification

1864 - 1871

War of Triple Alliance

1865 - 1870

1st railroad began

1866

Russia sells Alaska to US

1867

diamond discovered in Orange Free State

1867

British North American Act unites eastern and central Canada

1867

Ten Year War

1868 - 1878

Matthew Perry expedition to Japan

1868 - 1912

Meiji Period

1868 - 1912

1st school for girls in Mexico

1869

Suez Canal

1869

Institution of Third Republic

1870 - 1879

population growth

1870 - 1940

Ottoman legal code

1870

rapid birth decline Europe

1870 - 1879

spread of compulsory education laws

1870 - 1879

high point of European imperialsim

1871 - 1914

Education Act

1872

Porfirio Díaz rules Mexico

1876 - 1911

reign of Sultan Abdul Hamid

1876 - 1908

Constitution for empire

1876

treaty of San Stefano

1877

partition of West Africa

1879 - 1890

Germany-Austria

1879

Zulu victory over British at Isandhlwana

1879

Railroad construction Cuba, Chile, and Brazil

1880 - 1889

high point of impressionism art

1880 - 1889

Boers republic established in Orange Free State/Transvaal

1880 - 1889

assassination of Alexander II

1881

Geman social insurance laws

1881 - 1889

Germany-Austria-Russia

1881

Canada Pacific Railway

1881 - 1914

US excludes Chinese immigrants

1882

Germany-Italy-Austria

1882

British invasion of Egypt

1882

Madhist victory over British led Egypt

1883

beginning of industrialization

1884 - 1914

Indian National Congress

1885

Cuba and Brazil abolish slavery

1886 - 1888

gold discovered in Transvaal

1888

Young Turks established

1889

Republic established in Brazil

1889

partition of East Africa

1890 - 1899

France-Russia

1891

restrict Asian immigration

1891 - 1898

women's suffrage in New Zealand

1893

Sino-Japanese War

1894 - 1895

Spanish-American War: US gains Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines

1898

US annexes Hawaii

1898

British-French crisis over Fashoda in Sudan

1898

British-Egyptian army defeat Mahdist

1898

Boxer Rebellion

1898 - 1901

formation of Marxist party

1898

US acquires part of Samoa

1899

Anglo-Boer War

1899 - 1902

Russo-Japanese War

1904 - 1905

Britain-France

1904

Britain-Russia

1907

Japan annexes Korea

1910