Civil War Timeline

Major Events of the Civil War

Events

Dred Scott Decision

March 6, 1857

The Supreme Court decided that Dred Scott was just property, therefore he had no right to take a case to court.

Abraham Lincoln Becomes President

November 6, 1860

Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States.

Succession of South Carolina

December 24, 1860

South Carolina seceded when Abraham Lincoln became president because they feared he would abolish slavery.

Confederacy is Formed

February 8, 1861

The states that made up the Confederacy were South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina.

Firing of Fort Sumter

April 12, 1861

On April 12, 1861, the Confederate forces fired on Fort Sumter. This was a starting point to the Civil War.

Battle of First Bull Run

July 21, 1861

The Battle of First Bull Run was fought in Prince William County, Virginia, just north of the city of Manassas and about 25 miles west-southwest of Washington, D.C.

Battle of Chattanooga

June 7, 1862 - June 8, 1862

The Union troops were led by Major General Ulysses S. Grant and General George H. Thomas. The Confederate troops were under the command of General Braxton Bragg and Lieutenant General William Hardee.

Battle of Second Manassas

August 28, 1862 - August 30, 1862

The Second Battle of Bull Run was much larger than the Battle of First Bull Run.

Battle of Antietam

September 17, 1862

The Union fought with approximately 75,500 soldiers and the Confederacy fought with only 38,000 soldiers.

Emancipation Proclamation

January 1, 1863

The Emancipation Proclamation stated that if the Union won the war, slavery would be abolished.

Battle of Gettysburg

July 1, 1863 - July 3, 1863

The Confederates were confident they would win the battle because Robert E. Lee had just led his army to victory at the Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia in May.

The Fall of Richmond

April 2, 1865

The fall of Richmond was a Union victory.

Surrender at Appomattox

April 9, 1865

On April 9, 1865, Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered his approximately 28,000 troops to Union General Ulysses S. Grant. This was one of the last battles of the war.

Abraham Lincoln is Assasinated

April 15, 1865

John Wilkes Booth killed President Abraham Lincoln during a play at Ford's Theatre in Washington D.C.