During this time the Minoans were dominate in sea trade, also with this came a very strong Navy.
Now the Mycenae civilization comes in which are indo-Europeans who settled on greece. They dominated the Greek mainland.
At this time the Minoan civilization came to a mysterious ending. Possibly from a natural disaster or some kind of invasion but we don't know to this day.
The Dorians start to come in and those are a group of people who moved into greece.
First known Olympic games are held.
At this time Sparta conquers Messenia. Messenians become helots which are slaves who work on farms.
The helots or the Messenians revolt against the harsh rule but the spartans barely defeat the revolt.
A man named Draco made laws based on the equality of the citizens called the Draconian law.
A man named Solon takes over rule. He gets rid of Debt slavery. Then creats social classes based on wealth.
Romans overthrow a horrible king.
Cleisthenes is a man who ruled and formed the idea of Democracy. Splits Athens up into 10 groups based on where you live.
The Ionian greeks revolted against the Persian taxes.
Battle at Marathon. 25,000 Persians vs. 11,000 Athenians
Persians launch new invasion of Greece.
The Golden Age.
Pericles a politician starts to lead Athens.
Romans made laws for the early Republic.
War breaks out between Athens and Sparta.
Alexander the Great invades Persia.
Macedonians invade and defeat Greeks.
Whoever unties this not can become king.
Persia gets defeated again.
Alexander the great conquers parts of the Indus river valley.
The Council of Nicaea creates the Nicene Creed.
There were multiple wars happening during this span such as the First Punic War, Second Punic War, Battle of Cannae, and the third Punic war.
Scipio defeats Hannibal at Battle of Zama.
Caesar declared himself dictator for life.
Battle of Actium which ends the Roman Republic.
The Roman Republic falls because it’s weakened by internal conflict and civil wars.
Period of peace and prosperity
Great Fire of Rome
Law from Emperor Constantine that legalized Christianity.
Council of Nicaea creates the Nicene Creed.
Diocletian moves capital to Byzantium but renamed it Constantinople.
Theodosius makes Christianity official religion of the Empire.
Western Empire falls.