Russian Revolution

Inside Russia

Duma is Created

Oct 30, 1905

In result of Bloody Sunday, Nicholas II created this representative assembly.

Provisional Government Formed

March 15 1917

Made up of many different types of people, this was very weak, and failed to live up to ending involvement of the war that was promised.

New Economic Policy (NEP) established

1921

Lenin proclaimed that some businesses, such as agriculture, were to be secured by private owners. The government still had control of lines of production like transport and foreign trade.

USSR Established

Dec 30, 1922

The Soviet state of Russia joins the USSR, where it becomes established.

Stalin's Great Purges

1936 - 1938

Stalin, being fearful of opposing citizens, sent millions of people to labor camps in Siberia or to death.

People

Nicholas II becomes Czar of Russia

Nov 1, 1894

He inherited the throne after his father, Alexander III, died.

Death of Rasputin

Dec 30, 1916

Rasputin was a sexually-driven man who was very important to Russia, because of his good relations to Nicholas II's wife. He was poisoned, shot, had his skull crushed in, and drowned in a river.

Nicholas II abdicated the throne

Mar 15, 1917

Soldiers sent out under his order were convinced to put away their firearms. After that happened, Nicholas II resigned.

Lenin Returns to Russia

Apr 16, 1917

Leader of Bolshevik Party, Vladimir Lenin returns via train to Russia to begin uprising in communism.

Death of the Romanov Family

Jul 17, 1918

The Romanov family was horribly murdered. They were shot, burned, and had acid poured on them. Their bodies were buried in the woods.

Lenin's Series of Strokes

May 26, 1922 - Mar 10, 1923

Lenin suffered three strokes: the first on May 26th, 1922, the second on December 16th, 1922, and the third on March 10th, 1923. He also lost his ability to speak on the last stroke.

Stalin becomes Dictator

1929 - 1953

He led the USSR from an economy-scarce society to one powered by military and industrial development. He controlled his citizens with fear and terror.

Revolutions

Bloody Sunday

Jan 22, 1905

A mob of workers, led by a priest, marched to the Winter Palace to demand rights of the citizens. Nicholas II ordered soldiers to go out there and shoot at the crowd, hurting many. Outrage over these attacks soon followed.

March Revolution

Mar 8, 1917

During this revolution, the Duma took over country, and formed the Russian Provisional Government.

Bolshevik Revolution

Nov 6, 1917 - Nov 7, 1917

Lenin and his supporters went into provisional government and took over important factors of the country, such as banks and railroad stations. They eventually took over the entire Winter Palace, following by the provisional government.

Bolsheviks Change Names

Mar 1918

They changed their named to the Russian Communist Party.

Wars

Russia Loses Russo-Japanese War

Sep 5, 1905

When the war over territory in Manchuria and Korea begun on Feb 8, 1904 against Japan, Russia underestimated their power, and soon lost the war.

Russia Joins WWI

Aug 4, 1914

With The Triple Alliance (France and Britain), Russia joins the war against the Central Powers, mostly to keep their own territory.

Civil War (Red and White Armies)

Oct 1917 - Oct 1922

Two opposing views tore Russia apart. The Bolsheviks, or "reds", wanted a communist government. The Bolsheviks, or "whites", did not want anything to do with communism. The Reds won this war.

Russia ends Involvement in WWI (Treaty of Brest-Litovsk)

Mar 3, 1918

Made between Russia and the Central Powers, this treaty ended Russia's involvement in the war.