Take a loo into Statistics

King Rtuparna developed the first idea of "sampling" by estimating the number of fruits and leaves on a tree. He counted each twig and multiplie by the number of twigs. Suprisingly he came close to the actual number.

Gerolamo Cardano calculates probabilities of different dice throws for gamblers

Pascal and Fermat correspond about dividing stakes in gambling and thus came the mathematical theory of probability.

It is concluded the more often you repeat an experiment, the more accurately you can predict the result.

Gauss and Laplace derive the normal distribution graph.

William Gosset chief brewer for Guinness describes the t-test. It uses asmall amount of samples to make sure that the brews taste equally good.

Jerzy Neyman brings confidence intervals in statistical testing which leads to modern scientific sampling/

Margaret Thatcher becomes first world leader to call for action in regards to climate change.

In 2014, 1.3 million foreign-born individuals moved to the United States, an 11 percent increase from 1.2 million in 2013.

The total number of prisoners held under the jurisdiction of state and federal correctional authorities on December 31, 2015 (1,526,800) decreased by 35,500 compared to 2014

The 2015 female-to-male earnings ratio was 0.80, not statistically different from the 2014 ratio.

In 2017, there will be an estimated 1,688,780 new cancer cases diagnosed and 600,920 cancer deaths in the US.