Timeline of historical periods

Events

Treaty of Versailles

1919

The treaty of Versailles was a very important document that was signed by the Allies, Associated Powers and the Germans after World war 1. The treaty was extremely harsh on the Germans, because they were force to give up their land to France and they also had to pay 132 million Marks ($442 billion in 2014 money.) This was because it was their responsibility to the “loss and damage” (Ducksters, 2017) to the war.

Crash stock market

1929

The crash stock market was a sudden of loss in stock corporations. It was a 50% dropped, which made this event as the most famous stock market. Many people even lost their homes and all of their savings. The market wasn’t just a disaster, however it was the cause of the great Depression and had a major impact on it. The market reached a very bottom, so it had to recover. This happened in 1932. They say that it’s main causes were wild speculation, the economy and because people were buying stocks with credit cards.

Great Depression begins

1929

The great depression was basically a quickly spreading economic crisis in the Western industrialised world. During this time, many people were homeless and therefore hungry. However this is why there were long lines in the city for fresh, hot soup. Many historians believe that its main causes were drought, overproduction of goods, consumer debt etc. The Great Depression began after the market crash stock and which sent the Wall Street into panic and wiped out millions of investors.

Rhineland

1936

Rhineland is a region located in Germany. Its borders are Belgium, France and Netherland’s part. The treaty of Versailles established that only the Allied force could occupy Rhineland. However it also established that the Allied army would leave Rhineland. In 1933 Germany’s defence minister had planed drafts for Rhineland to remilitarization. A lot of leaders in Germany thought that this shouldn’t be done because it wasn’t diplomatically approved. Hitler cancelled the treaty of Versailles against the Germans in 1935 and believing that the western powers would not intercede.

World War 2

1939 - 1945

World war 2 was the deadliest war on Earth, it killed 70 million people. Most of the countries were mainly involved in some ways and it was fought mainly in Europe. The main causes of the war were the treaty of Versailles and how harsh it was on the Germans. This was because when Hitler was chosen to be their leader, he promised that the country will be great. However, he quickly built an army and steal lands from other countries. They also stormed the Polish. Some other events that happened around ww2 were the Great Depression, Japanese Expansion, Fascism and many other.

Hiroshima Nagasaki atomic bomb

1939

At the start of World war 2, atomic bombs haven’t been invented. However scientists discovered that if they split an atom, explosion might be happening. This bomb could destroy large cities and warfare. Albert Einstein was a smart guy and he thought that if the German would know about this, Hitler would definitely use it. So this is why he wrote a letter to the US and later it became a manhattan project. The manhattan project was a research development for the atomic bomb. By the end of the project scientists made sure that they were the first to have the bomb. In the next year there were around 200,000 people who were woeking on the project.

German and Soviet Union nonaggression pact.

1939

Slightly before the war, German and the Soviet Union agreed that they not going to any military action between each other for the next 10 years. The main military of the Soviet Union viewed the pact as a way of giving the Germans a peaceful time to prepare themselves to their military. However Hitler (The German chancellor) was able to invade Poland unopposed. They also had secret agreements about dividing up eastern Europe.

United nations formed

1945

The United Nations were independent countries who agreed on ending and preventing the war together against the Axis Power. They also improved on social conditions and economic developments. The nations who joined together were Lake success, New York and the United States.

D- day begins

1945

The invasion of Normandy was a battle between the Allies force, Britain, America, Canada and France attacking the German forces. This was a turning point t WW2, because the Allies fought with 150,000 soldiers. This famous battle is now called the D-day because of the Invasion of Normandy. The war began with men jumping out of plane and to destroy their main targets and capture bridges. They also dropped out dummies and made fire to confuse their enemy.

Cold war

1947 - 1991

The Cold water happened straight after World War 2 and it was a political and military tension between the Soviet Union and the United States. Two victors couldn’t agree on making up the post – war world. So, over time it spread to other countries like Asia and Africa and become a 44 year conflict between the two nations.

Russia test its first nuclear weapon.

1949

The first atomic bomb in Russia was called the “First Lightning” and it was tested in 1949. In order to measure its effects, they needed to build a little town and they also put animals into cages nearby, so that they can measure the effects of nuclear radiation in the case of humans. In November they sent spies to see any evidence of the bomb. Later months they announced that the bomb was successful. However, the physicist that helped the United States built their first atomic bomb, was arrested. This was because he was passing the nuclear secrets to the Soviets.

Korean war ends

1953

Korean war was a conflict between the South Koreans and the East Koreans, which killed at least 2.5 million people. They also reached to international proportions like the Soviet Union to North Korea and the United Nations to South Korea. After lot of pain and suffer, both ended in 1953. However, Korea still divided themselves into two parts. The nations didn’t have further arguments to the following years.

Maralinga nuclear test

1956 - 1963

Maralinga was an atomic test and which has occurred 488 kilometres north of Adelaide. This served the British a power status to achieve nuclear during the cold war. It was developed as a permanent ground site and it was developed as a facility with shared funding arrangements. They had many trials, but the two major ones were the operation Bufallo and the Operation Antler. Both of them were only experimental programs.

Aboriginal people gain citizenship

1967

Aboriginal people were excluding from the way to vote under Australian citizenship. So this is why the Referendum finally gave the power to make laws for Indigenous people. The new law included that Indigenous aboriginals could vote, even tho voting wasn’t compulsory. They also allowed them for equal right and for citizenship rights. However, others in the country thought that it wasn’t fair against them and that it is going to effect their lives.

Gulf war

1990

The gulf war was a major conflict between the United States and Iraq. It was about oil reserves falling under the control of the dictator of Iraq. However, it also started an invasion, which led to annexation of oil rich and hostilities in the Gulf war. It was a heavy war and many people watched the conflict happening on TV. Luckily the war ended after 1 year of fighting.