French Revolution

Events

The Tennis court Oath

Approx. Jan 20 1789

This is when one of the member from French Estates-General for the third estate who had begun to call themselves the National Assembly, took the Tennis Court Oath

The Great Fear

JUL 5 1789

Political crisis and rural unrest was present in France, poor people went hungry, the price increased and the poor people were broke and could not buy food

The Fall of Bastille

JUL 14, 1789

When the rumors spread lies about the royal troops occupying Paris, many paris people gathered outside the Bastille a medieval fortress used as a prison to demand weapons and gun poweder.

The Declaration of the Rights of Man -"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"

AUG 26, 1789

It was based of of the structure of the American Declaration of Independence when they got independence for natural rights to, liberty, property, security,

Civil Constitution of Clergy

JUL 12, 1790

The Catholic Church was taken over by the National Assembly in which way they established a national church system. The French monarchy were in charge of making laws and regulations for the church

The Royal Escape

JUN 25, 1791

King Louis XVI of France, along with his wife Marie Antoinette decided to escape their embarrassing situation in Paris. Louis agreed he disguised himself with his family however their disguises were revealed.

The Constitution of 1791

SEP 20, 1791

It abolished many “institutions which were injurious to liberty and equality of rights." It replaced the absolute monarchy in France by a limited monarchy. Also a new assembly was in charge of making laws, collecting taxes, and deciding on affairs concerning war and peace

Creation of National Convention

SEP 20, 1792

The National Convention was elected as a legislative body by radicals. It held the power in France. The convention voted to remove the monarchy and declare France a republic

The Reign of Terror

SEP 5, 1793

Many executions took place against the enemies of the revolution. People who went against the ideas of the revolution were instantly put in prison and killed. if any ordinary person said someting revolutionary, they would end up at the in a blade that beheaded people. 40,000 people died during this time.

Napoleon becomes Consulate

FEB 20, 1799

Napoleon had demonstrated made successes early on in his life. His military career was prevalent when he drove out British forces out of the French port of Toulon and when he won victories against Austrians. His successes made him even more famous

The Coronation of an Emperor -Napoleon

DEC 2, 1804

Napolean had gained much power now to seize the title Emperor of the French. Napoleon held direct to vote for in favor of his strong leadership. He promised to bring "order and stability."

Battle of Trafalgar

OCT 21, 1805

The Battle of Trafalgar was fought off of Cape Trafalgar on the Spanish coasts. Napoleon and his French army decided to invade Britain. The British captured and destroyed most of their vessels. This was a major victory for Britain.

The Battle of Austerlitz

DEC 2, 1805

This is known as one of Napoleon's greatest victories. The battle took place near Austerlitz. Napoleon received threats from both Russia and Austria, so he abandoned his ambitions to invade England

Invasion of Spain

MAY 2, 1808

France had dominated most of Europe by now. Napoleon replaced the king of Spain with his brother, Joseph Bonsparte. Napoleon decided to invade Portugal because they did not pay any attention to the Continental SystemFrench forces fought against the resistance, however, Spanish guerilla warfare killed a lot of the French forces. Britain helped Spain defeat France.

Invasion of Russia

JUN 24, 1812

His Russian ally was not agreeing with his Continental System, so he made the decision to invade Russia, a mistake. He led many of his troops, the Grande Armee, into Russia. Russians burned everything as they moved East, leaving nothing for the French. Napoleon captured Moscow, but it was also destroyed. The weather was an element that did not help. The winter Killed thousands of his army. He was defeated.