World War One

World War One

Britain Promises Belgian Neutrality


Franco-Prussian War

19 July 1870 - 10 May 1871

Treaty of Berlin


Serbia, Romania, and Montenegro declared independant

Triple Alliance


Berlin Conference

1884 - 1885

Regulate European Colonization, Introduced United Germany as a World Power

France & Russia sign agreement


Spanish-American War


Spain sells Pacific Territory to US & Germany
Introduces US interest in Cuba

Russo-Japanese War

1904 - 1905

Est. collapse of Russian Empire
Est. Japan as a World Power

Entente Cordiale


Bloody Sunday

22 January 1905

Provoked public outrage and a series of massive strikes that spread quickly throughout the industrial centres of the Russian Empire
Beginning of 1905 Revolution

October Manifesto

October 30 1905

Promised basic civil rights and an elected parliament called the Duma, without whose approval no laws were to be enacted in Russia in the future

Russian Duma's

1906 - 1917

Russia's first elected parliament
First two meetings ineffective and dissolved after only a few months
Four meetings in total between 1906 and 1917

Bosnian Crisis

October 6 1908 - April 1909

Austro-Hungary annexes Bosnia-Herzegovina

Balkan Wars

1912 - 1913

The Ottoman Empire lost the bulk of its territory in Europe
Austro-Hungary weakened as Serbia presses for union of South Slavic peoples

Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

June 28, 1914

The Blank Check


Germany issues Austria-Hungary a blank check promising support in the event of war

Austria-Hungary Declares War on Serbia

July 28, 1914

Russia Mobililizes

July 29 1914

Germany Declares War on Russia

August 1 1914

Germany Declares War on France

August 3 1914

Use of Schlieffen Plan
Germany invades France through Belgium to cut Paris off in order to defeat France before Russia mobilizes

Britain Declares War on Germany

August 4, 1914

Battle of Tannenburg

August 23 1914 - August 30, 1914

Resulted in the almost complete destruction of the Russian Second Army and the suicide of its commanding general Alexander Samsonov

Battle of the Marne

September 7, 1914 - September 11, 1914

Halting German advance
Beginning of Trench Warfare

Second Battle of Ypes

April 22, 1915 - May 25, 1915

Germany uses Poison Gas

Battle of Verdun

February 21, 1916 - December 18, 1916

Battle of the Somme

July 1, 1916 - November 18, 1916

Tsar Abdicates

15 March 1917

United States Declares War on Germany

April 6, 1917

Russian Forces Withdraw

October 1917