Saudi Arabia {History and Events}

Events

Muhammad, founder of Islam, was born into the Quaraysh tribe in the Makkah province.

Approx. 570 AD

Muhammad drafted Constitution of Medina and him and his followers moved from Mecca to Medina

622 AD

Jewish clans in Arabian Peninsula and Quraysh went to war against Muhammad.

624 - 628

Muhammed and his army took over Mecca, the area became the first mosque

630

Rashidun Caliphate was founded after Muhammad's death, became one of the largest empires of its time

632 - 661

Muhammed died.

632

Umar of Arabia, second Caliph of Islam, was stabbed and died four days later, council appointed Uthman as next caliph; Uthman continued to expand the Muslim Empire.

644

Saud Dynasty was founded near Riyadh

1400 - 1409

Muhammad bin Saud Al Saud, a member of the House of Saud, allied with Wahhabists and expanded the family's domain.

1742 - 1765

Saudi Arabs led Sunni raids into Iraq, killed about 5,000.

1801

Saudi Arabs led more Sunni raids into Iraq, killed another 5,000

1806

Saud family established new capital at Riyadh, established second Saudi State.

1824

Al-Saud family took exile in Kuwait.

1891

Al-Saud's son, Abdulaziz, and 40 followers, retook Riyadh

1902

Saudi forces captured Al Hijaz, Asir, Al Hasa regions

1906 - 1926

Government of Hejaz and Nejd officially changed name to Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was proclaimed

1932

Saud, the eldest son of King Abd-al-Aziz was named crown prince

1933

Oil was discovered in the Dammam Dome near the Persian Gulf

1938

Saudi King al-Aziz and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt reached agreement that U.S. would protect the Saudi royal family in return for access to Saudi oil

1945

Saudi Arabia was one of the founding members of the United Nations (UN)

1945

Ghawar oil field in Saudi Arabia was put into production, largest oil field ever found

1951

Slavery was abolished.

1962