Yr2Un2

Events

Inca civilization

1200 - 1500

Aztec civilization

1200 - 1500

Dante

1265 - 1321

Giotto

1267 - 1337

Petrarch

1304 - 1374

Donatello

1386 - 1466

Cosimo de Medici

1389 - 1464

Prince Henry the Navigator

1394 - 1460

Lorenzo Valla

1407 - 1457

Leonardo da Vinci

1452 - 1519

The Turks capture Constantinople

1453

Desiderius Erasmus

1466 - 1536

Martin Luther

1471 - 1546

Michelangelo

1475 - 1564

Raphael

1483 - 1520

Bartolomeu Diaz rounds the Cape Storms

1488

(later Cape of Good Hope) for Portugal

Spain conquers Granada

1492

expels Muslims from the Iberian Peninsula

Columbus sails to America

1492

On behalf of Spain

Alexander VI is Pope

1492 - 1503

AKA Rodrigo Borgia

King Charles VIII of France invades Italy

1494

William Tyndale

1494 - 1536

Savonarola controls Florence

1494 - 1497

He's burned in 1498

Vasco da Gama sails to India and back

1497 - 1498

of Portugal, establishes a trade monopoly for his country

Charles V

1500 - 1558

Luther is ordained priest

1507

Henry VIII rules England

1509 - 1547

Erasmus publishes In Praise of Folly

1509

Ponce de Leon explores

1513

FL & the Gulf of Mexico

John Knox

1514 - 1572

Toleration of Huguenots by Francis I

1515 - 1547

of France; they grow

Erasmus publishes his Greek NT

1516

Luther nails his 95 theses

1517

Cortez subdues the Aztecs

1519 - 1521

Luther testifies before the Diet of Worms

1521

Zwingli's Protestantism established in Zurich

1523

Peasant revolt & supression

1524 - 1525

In Germanic states

Early Mennonites start meeting

1525

Early Mennonites (known as the Swiss Brethren) start meeting in Switzerland

Most Swiss cities are Protestant

1528

Rural cities are Catholic

Ivan the Terrible

1530 - 1584

Charles V crowned Holy Roman Emperor

1530

Pizarro conquers the Incas

1532

Jacob Hutter leads the Hutterites

1533 - 1536

Cranmer is appointed Archbishop of Canterbury

1533

He supports Henry's marriage to Anne Boleyn & the creation of the Church of England

Jesuits formation

1534

Society of Jesus (Jesuits) formed by Ignatius Loyola

Christian I establishes Lutheranism

1536

In Denmark

Calvin publishes "The Institution of the Christian Religion"

1536

De Soto Explores

1539

the (Future) Southeastern United States

Coronado explores

1540 - 1542

the (future) southwestern US

Gustav I establishes Lutheranism

1540

in Sweden

Pope Paul III approves Jesuit order

1540

Calvin is the Major Influence in Geneva

1541 - 1564

Copernicus, Vesalius' works

1543

Nicolaus Copernicus publishes On the Revolution of the Heavenly Spheres
Andreas Vesalius publishes On the Fabric of the Human Body

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

(cementing Catholic-Protestant differences)

Edward VI rules England

1547 - 1553

Mary I rules England

1553 - 1558

Charles V forced to accept the Peace of Augsburg

1555

Forced by the Protestant Princes

Charles V abdicates to Philip II

1556

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V abdicates to his son Philip II

Elizabeth I is Queen of England

1558 - 1603

Scots establish Presbyterianism

1560

Under John Knox

Massacre of French Huguenots

1572

St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre

Drake circumnavigates the world

1577 - 1580

William I leads the Dutch

1581

...in declaring independence from Spain

Mary, Queen of Scots is beheaded. Son James VI is king

1585

Mary, Queen of Scots is beheaded. Son James VI is now king of Scoland.

Spanish Armada defeated

1588

By the English

Henry IV becomes King of France and converts to Catholicism

1589

Shakespeare writes & performs

1590 - 1613

Edict of Nantes

1598

(allowing religious toleration in France)

James I rules England & Scotland

1603 - 1624

He ruled Scotland as James VI

Rembrandt

1606 - 1669

Spain recognizes Dutch independence

1648