Tower of London is built
The First Crusade
1096 - 1099
The Third Crusade. Jerusalem is again retaken after Saladin regains control of Jerusalem
Magna Carta signed. The Magna Carta; an an attempt to restore English freedoms to its people, is signed.
The Great Famine
1315 - 1317
The Black Death. This mortal disease is said to have killed 20-40% of the population of Europe in the first year.
The Gutenburg Press is invented