The world’s largest naval powers gathered in Washington, D.C. for a conference to discuss naval disarmament and ways to relieve growing tensions in East Asia.
In the wake of World War I, leaders in the international community sought to prevent the possibility of another war. Rising Japanese militarism and an international arms race heightened these concerns. As a result, policymakers worked to reduce the rising threat.
USA, UK, JAP, FRA, ITA - 5:5:3:1:1
In the Four-Power Treaty, the USA, FRA, the UK, and JAP agreed to consult with each other in the event of a future crisis in East Asia before taking action. This treaty replaced the Anglo-Japanese Treaty.
Nine-Power Treaty: The treaty promised that each of the signatories—the USA, the UK, JAP, FRA, ITA, Belgium, the Netherlands, Portugal, and CHI—would respect the territorial integrity of China. The treaty recognized Japanese dominance in Manchuria but otherwise affirmed the importance of equal opportunity for all nations doing business in the country. For its part, China agreed not to discriminate against any country seeking to do business there.