VALIDO: Duke of Lerma
It was caused by Religious conflict and a fight for dominance in Europe.
German Protestant princes confronted the Catholic emperor of Austria.
Duke of Olivares wanted to enter the war in favour of Austria to limit the power of France and maintain the dominance of the Hasburgs.
VALIDO: Count-Duke of Olivares
The revolts where caused by fIscal pressure and the proposed Union of Arms.
VALIDO: John of Austria
*Population loss: 270000 moors from Castile and Aragon were expelled. They were assigned a port in the Mediterranean from where they boarded ships to the northof Africa.
*Economic loss: Moriscos worked in agricultue (specially in Valencia) because of their irrigation systems. They also worked as artisans. Their expulsion left areas unpopulatedand increased poverty.
Philip IV gained Barcelona after 12 years.
They gained it with help of France and England.
Peace Agreement with England and the Netherlands
How the 30 yearswar ended. This meant independence of the Netherlands from Spain and reflected the decline of the Spanish empire
The signe of this treaty meant the lost territories in the Netherlands, Rhine, Roussillon and Cerdanya
France annexed the Franche-Comté and other Spanish territories, allowing to close its northern border.