The Cold War

Events

First atomic bomb test (trinity)

July 16, 1945

First Soviet A bomb

1949

First Hydrogen Bomb

1952

Soviet H bomb

1953

Hungarian Revolution of 1956

23 October 1956 - 10 November 1956

First ICBM

1957

Sputnik

October 4, 1957

SLBMs

1959

Nuclear test band treaty

1963

100 countries
not France and china
bc of Sino soviet split

Chinese First bomb

1964

France withdraws from NATO

1966

Non-Proliferation Treaty

1968

keep nuclear Technology between those that had it.

Prague Spring

January 5, 1968 - August 21, 1968

The Prague Spring was a period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia during the era of its domination by the Soviet Union after World War II. It began on 5 January 1968, when reformist Alexander Dubček was elected First Secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ), and continued until 21 August when the Soviet Union and other members of the Warsaw Pact invaded the country to halt the reforms.

Dubcek believes in keeping socialism but with a human face

Many people horrified + Scarred Chinese

Brezhev Doctrine

August 21, 1968

the doctrine expounded by Leonid Brezhnev in November 1968 affirming the right of the Soviet Union to intervene in the affairs of Communist countries to strengthen Communism. (Gave permission for Warsaw Pact to halt Prague Spring in Czeckoslaka)

Nixon doctrine

1969

leads to vietnaiztion

Sino-Soviet Border Clashes

3/2/1969 - 9/11/1969

Fighting on the boarder. partly because Chinese now scared by Breznez doctorian

apollo 11

July 16 1969

pentagon papers

1971

The Pentagon Papers was the name given to a secret Department of Defense study of U.S. political and military involvement in Vietnam from 1945 to 1967, prepared at the request of Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara in 1967.

U.S.-Chinese Rapprochement

1971 - 1972

Kissinger Visits china secretly. July 1971 to meet with Chinese officials and set up plans for Nixon to come visit in feb 1972

adm

1971

Salt 1

1972

Nixon goes to beijing

1972

nixon vists being open door to china

wheat sold to ussr

1972

ping pong diplomacy

1972

Ping-pong diplomacy refers to the exchange of table tennis (ping-pong) players between the United States and People's Republic of China (PRC) in the early 1970s. The event marked a thaw in Sino-American relations that paved the way to a visit to Beijing by President Richard Nixon.

Salt II

1972 - 1979

FALED: Was a aggrement to limit both sides nuclear warheads to 2,250. Was never ratified by congress and instead the U.S. persue SDI, Starwars,

Oil crisis OPEC

1973

Slow oil to any country supporting Israel

Paris peace accords

1973

The Paris Peace Accords, officially titled the Agreement on Ending the War and Restoring Peace in Vietnam

Helsinki accords

1975

The Helsinki Final Act was an agreement signed by 35 nations that concluded the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, held in Helsinki, Finland. The multifaceted Act addressed a range of prominent global issues and in so doing had a far-reaching effect on the Cold War and U.S.-Soviet relations.

Time periods

thaw

1963 - 1968

release of tensions between U.S. and U.S.S.R.

Detente

1969 - 1979

the easing of hostility or strained relations, especially between countries.

ost politik

1969

(willy brandt west germany)
the foreign policy of detente of western European countries with reference to the former communist bloc, especially the opening of relations with the Eastern bloc by the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) in the 1960s.

Brandt wanted West Germany to recognize east Germany. They did in 1970 which Recognized the boarder with East Germany and Poland

Nixon

1969 - 1974

president of the united states

Military interventions

Vietnam War

1955 - 1975

Suez Crisis

29 October 1956 - 7 November 1956

Cuban missile crisis

14 october 1962 - 28 october 1962

6 day war

June 5, 1967 - June 10, 1967

Egypt vs. Israel

The Six-Day War, also known as the June War, 1967 Arab–Israeli War, or Third Arab–Israeli War, was fought between June 5 and 10, 1967 by Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria.

Prague spring

1968

The Prague Spring (Czech: Pražské jaro, Slovak: Pražská jar) was a period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia during the era of its domination by the Soviet Union after World War II.

Yom Kippur war

1973

Soviets invade Afghanistan

1979 - 1989

Before the invasion Afghanistan was pro U.S. then in April 1978 the Afghan army took control and installed Marxism under Our Mohammad Taraki. Dec. 1978 Soviet agree to support Afghanistan. Religious radicals begin attacking gov. bc islam goes against Marxism bc in islam god decides who is rich and poor not the gov. The government crack down taking in over 29,000 political prisoners. The Mujahideen fight back. Our was over thrown and killed by Hafizullah Amin in Sep 1979. Amin extremely unprodictable and radical asked both U.S. and Soivets for help. Soviet Union Feared the U.S. would gain control so they invaded in December 1979. U.S. would support Mujahideen

American Leaders

Eisenhower

1957 - 1960

Kennedy

1961 - 1963

Johnson

1963 - 1969

Nixon

1969 - 1974

Ford

1974 - 1977

Carter

1977 - 1981

Soviet Leaders

Nikita Khrushchev

1955 - 1964

Leonid Brezhnev

1964 - 1982