Civil Rights Timeline

Black Rights

Civil War

1861 - 1865

Lincoln elected in 1860. Southern states seceded and left the Union, starting a war. Lincoln's goal was to reunite the Union.

Emancipation Proclamation

January, 1863

Freed slaves from the rebellious South but did not free them from the North.

Lincoln's 10% Plan

1865

Southern states can be readmitted into the Union if 10% of voters took a loyalty oath to them

Freedmen's Bureau

1865

Bureau of refugees, freedmen, and abandoned lands. Established by U.S. Federal Government to aid freed slaves. They risked lives to help slaves.

Reconstruction

1865 - 1877

Lincoln wanted to rebuild and reunite with the South. Union soldiers occupied most of the South to protect black people. Created amendments for equal rights for blacks

13th Amendment

December, 1865

Slavery or non-voluntary service is not allowed to exist in the U.S. unless as a punishment for convicting a crime

14th Amendment

July, 1868

Any person naturalized or born in the U.S. are citizens of the nation and of state. No state can deprive anyone of their rights, life, liberty, property or protection of laws

15th Amendment

1870

The right of U.S. citizens to vote shall not be deprived by the U.S. or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.

End of Reconstruction

1877

At the end of Reconstruction, Rutherford Hayes was elected president and removed the Union army from the South, causing southern blacks to be unprotected and segregation to be allowed

Jim Crow

1877 - 1960

Series of Anti-black laws. "Way of life". Operated mainly in southern and border states. Examples: Separated in public facilities, no sexual interactions between blacks and whites, and they were not supposed to eat together.

Lynching

Approx. 1960

Was used to keep blacks (freedmen) "in their places". Also was used to protect White women from Black "rapists". Wanted to prevent Black people from any economic or political gains. Used VIOLENCE to falsely accuse a black person for disobeying the Jim Crow laws.

Women's Rights