Lincoln elected in 1860. Southern states seceded and left the Union, starting a war. Lincoln's goal was to reunite the Union.
Freed slaves from the rebellious South but did not free them from the North.
1865 - 1877
Lincoln wanted to rebuild and reunite with the South. Union soldiers occupied most of the South to protect black people. Created amendments for equal rights for blacks
Bureau of refugees, freedmen, and abandoned lands. Established by U.S. Federal Government to aid freed slaves. They risked lives to help slaves.
Lincoln's 10% Plan
Southern states can be readmitted into the Union if 10% of voters took a loyalty oath to them
Slavery or non-voluntary service is not allowed to exist in the U.S. unless as a punishment for convicting a crime
Any person naturalized or born in the U.S. are citizens of the nation and of state. No state can deprive anyone of their rights, life, liberty, property or protection of laws
The right of U.S. citizens to vote shall not be deprived by the U.S. or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
1877 - 1960
Series of Anti-black laws. "Way of life". Operated mainly in southern and border states. Examples: Separated in public facilities, no sexual interactions between blacks and whites, and they were not supposed to eat together.
End of Reconstruction
At the end of Reconstruction, Rutherford Hayes was elected president and removed the Union army from the South, causing southern blacks to be unprotected and segregation to be allowed
Was used to keep blacks (freedmen) "in their places". Also was used to protect White women from Black "rapists". Wanted to prevent Black people from any economic or political gains. Used VIOLENCE to falsely accuse a black person for disobeying the Jim Crow laws.