Early Modern Timeline (1450-1750)

Events

Europe

Gutenberg's printing press introduced (1439)

1439

Portuguese round of Cape of Good Hope (1488)

1488

Christopher Columbus' journey to the Americas (1492)

1492

Spanish Inquisition begins (1492)

1492

Vasco de Gama's first voyage to India (1497)

1497

Commercial Revolution (16th Century)

1500

Luther's 95 Theses (1517)

1517

Magellan circumnavigates the globe (1519-1521)

1519 - 1521

Catholic Reformation (1545-1648)

1545 - 1648

Religious wars in France, Germany, and Britain (1550-1649)

1550 - 1649

Scientific Revolution (17th century)

1600

Thirty Years War (1618-1648)

1618 - 1648

Reign of King Louis XIV, France (1643-1715)

1643 - 1715

Enlightenment (18th Century)

1700

Russia

Much of Russia freed from Tatars by Ivan the Great (1462)

1462

Life of Ivan the Terrible (1533-1584)

1533 - 1584

Time of Troubles (1604-1613)

1604 - 1613

Romanov Dynasty (1613-1750)

1613 - 1750

Reign of Peter the Great (1689-1725)

1689 - 1725

Reign of Catherine the Great (1762-1796)

1762 - 1796

Pugachev Revolt (1773-1775)

1773 - 1775

Latin America

Treaty of Tordesillas (1494)

1494

First Spainsh colonies on Latin American mainland (1509)

1509

Hernan Cortes conquers the Aztecs (1520)

1520

Francisco Pizarro conquers the Incas (1533)

1533

Africa

Portugal establishes a fort along the Gold Coast (1481)

1481

English slave trade begins (1562)

1562

Rise of Asante and Dahomey Kingdoms (1600s-1750)

1600 - 1750

Dutch establish colony at Cape of Good Hope (1652)

1652

Muslim Gunpowder Empires

Ottoman capture of Constantinople (1453)

1453

Ottoman victory over Safavids at Chaldiron (1514)

1514

Rule of Suleyman the Magnificent (1520-1566)

1520 - 1566

Babur conquers India at Battle of Panipat (1526)

1526

First Ottoman siege of Vienna (1529)

1529

Reign of Akbar (1556-1605)

1556 - 1605

Ottoman fleet defeated in Battle of Lepanto (1571)

1571

Reign of Abbas 1 (the Great) in Persia (1588-1629)

1588 - 1629

Construction of Taj Mahal begins (1632)

1632

Fall of the Safavid dynasty (1722)

1722

Mughal capital sacked (1739)

1739

East and Southeast Asia

Ming Dynasty (Beginning of era-1644)

1450 - 1644

Portuguese conquer Malacca (1511)

1511

Jesuits arrive in China (1580s)

1580

Dutch and British take over Portuguese-controlled parts of Asia (Throughout 1600s)

1600

Tokugawa shogunate established (1603)

1603

Christianity banned in Japan (1614)

1614

Japan moves into self-imposed isolation (1640s)

1640

Dutch begin conquests of Java (Indonesia) (1641)

1641

Manchu Qing dynasty rules China (1644-end of era)

1644 - 1750