Modern Era 1450 C.E. - 1750 C.E.

Europe

The Renaissance

1300 - 1600

Fall of Constantinople

1453

Ottoman Turks conquer Constantinople, renaming it Istanbul, and end the Byzantine Empire

Treaty of Tordesillas

1494

Protestant Reformation

1517 - 1648

95 Theses

October 31, 1517

Posted on the door of a Church in Germany by a German monk, Martin Luther.

Scientific Revolution

1543 - 1700

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

A Council of Catholic officials who sought to reform the Catholic Religion.

30 Years War

1618 - 1648

Enlightenment

1650 - 1800

The Glorious Revolution

1688

Middle East

The Ottoman Empire

1299 - 1922

Reign of Osman I

1299 - 1323

Istanbul

1453

Constantinople is conquered by Ottoman Empire and renamed Istanbul.

Safavid Dynasty

1501 - 1722

Reign of Suleiman the Magnificent

1520 - 1556

Sultan of the Ottoman Empire

Treaty of Zuhab

1639

Agreement of Peace between Ottomans and Safavids

India

Sikhism Founded

1469

Combination of Hinduism and Islam

Reign of Babur

1526 - 1530

Mughal Empire

1526 - 1857

Reign of Akbar

1556 - 1605

East India Company

1600

Taj Mahal Completed

1634 - 1638

China

Ming Dynasty

1368 - 1644

Portuguese Reach China

1514

Qing Dynasty

1644 - 1911

Africa

Songhai Empire

1464 - 1591

Slave Trade Begins

1500

Portuguese Trading Post in Angola

1575

Dutch Trading Post in Cape Town

1652

America

Columbus Lands in the Americas

1492

Europeans enter the Americas, beginning the age of colonization, and the death of native populations due to the mass genocide and foreign diseases that came from Europe.

Jamestown Founded

1607