Judaism timeline

Events

Adam and Eve

Approx. 4004 BCE

"And the man gave names to all the cattle and to the birds of the sky and to all the wild beasts; but for Adam no fitting helper was found. So the LORD God cast a deep sleep upon the man; and, while he slept, He took one of his ribs and closed up the flesh at that spot.And the LORD God fashioned the rib that He had taken from the man into a woman; and He brought her to the man." (Genesis 1:20-24)

Noah's Flood

Approx. 2348 BCE

"And I, behold I am bringing the flood, water upon the earth, to destroy all flesh in which there is the spirit of life, from beneath the heavens; all that is upon the earth will perish. And I will set up My covenant with you, and you shall come into the ark, you and your sons, and your wife and your sons' wives with you. And of all living things of all flesh, two of each you shall bring into the ark to preserve alive with you; they shall be male and female" (Genesis 6.17-19)

Abraham and the Covenant with God

Approx. 1900 BCE

"And I will establish My covenant between Me and between you and between your seed after you throughout their generations as an everlasting covenant, to be to you for a God and to your seed after you...And God said to Abraham, "And you shall keep My covenant, you and your seed after you throughout their generations. This is My covenant, which you shall observe between Me and between you and between your seed after you, that every male among you be circumcised." (Genesis 17.7-10

Jacob to Egypt

Approx. 1706 BCE

"His sons and his sons' sons with him, his daughters and his sons' daughters and all his descendants he brought with him to Egypt." (Genesis 46.7)

Enslavement in Egypt

1635 BCE

"They replied, "You have saved our lives! Let us find favor in my lord's eyes, and we will be slaves to Pharaoh." (Genesis 47.25)

Moses is Born

Approx. 1571 BCE

"The woman conceived and bore a son, and [when] she saw him that he was good, she hid him for three months. [When] she could no longer hide him, she took [for] him a reed basket, smeared it with clay and pitch, placed the child into it, and put [it] into the marsh at the Nile's edge...Pharaoh's daughter went down to bathe, to the Nile, and her maidens were walking along the Nile, and she saw the basket in the midst of the marsh, and she sent her maidservant, and she took it...The child grew up, and she brought him to Pharaoh's daughter, and he became like her son. She named him Moses, and she said, "For I drew him from the water." (Exodus 2.2-10)

Exodus, Moses, and the 10 Commandments

Approx. 1491 BCE

"And the Lord said to Moses, 'Come up to Me to the mountain and remain there, and I will give you the stone tablets, the Law and the commandments, which I have written to instruct them.'" (Exodus 24.12)

Solomon Builds the Temple

Approx. 1012 BCE

"There was nothing inside the Ark but the two tablets of stone which Moses placed there at Horeb, when the LORD made [a covenant] with the Israelites after their departure from the land of Egypt. When the priests came out of the sanctuary -- for the cloud had filled the House of the LORD and the priests were not able to remain and perform the service because of the cloud, for the Presence of the LORD filled the House of the LORD --then Solomon declared: "The LORD has chosen To abide in a thick cloud: I have now built for You A stately House, A place where You May dwell forever." (1 KIngs 8.9-13)

King David

Approx. 1000 BCE

"All Israel gathered to David at Hebron and said, "We are your own flesh and blood. Long before now, even when Saul was king, you were the leader of Israel; and the LORD your God said to you: You shall shepherd My people Israel; you shall be ruler of My people Israel." (1 Chronicles 1.1-2)

Assyria Conquers Kingdom of Israel

Approx. 722 BCE

"In the ninth year of Hoshea, the king of Assyria captured Samaria. He deported the Israelites to Assyria and settled them in Halah, at the [River] Habor, at the River Gozan, and in the towns of Media. This happened because the Israelites sinned against the LORD their God, who had freed them from the land of Egypt, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt. They worshiped other gods." (2 Kings 17.6-7)

Destruction of Temple by Neo-Babylonians

Approx. 586 BCE

They burned the House of God and tore down the wall of Jerusalem, burned down all its mansions, and consigned all its precious objects to destruction.
Those who survived the sword he exiled to Babylon, and they became his and his sons' servants till the rise of the Persian kingdom..." (2 Chronicles 36.19-20)

Persian Cyrus the Great Conquers Babylonian, Ending Exile

Approx. 539 BCE

"King Cyrus of Persia released the vessels of the LORD's house which Nebuchadnezzar had taken away from Jerusalem and had put in the house of his god." (Ezra 1.7)

Completion of Second Temple in Jerusalem

Approx. 515 BCE

"So the chiefs of the clans of Judah and Benjamin, and the priests and Levites, all whose spirit had been roused by God, got ready to go up to build the House of the LORD that is in Jerusalem." (Ezra 1.5)

Destruction of Second Temple by Romans

Approx. 70 CE